The Effectiveness of Gestalt Counseling with Empty Chair Technique to Reduce Guilt among Adolescents at Risk
Adolescence is defined as a period of transitional development from childhood to adulthood. This transition also requires adolescents to make some adjustment. Those who cannot adjust themselves to the transition may induce guilt in them. Guilt is an emotion that follows after a negative behavior. Gestalt counseling with the empty chair technique can help counselees finish their “unfinished business”, and one of the unfinished businesses is guilt. The research aims to test the effectiveness of Gestalt counseling with the empty chair technique to reduce guilt among adolescents at risk. It adopted the quantitative approach with single subject research method. The sample was taken with purposive sampling technique. The population included 16 adolescents at Yayasan Rumah Tumbuh Harapan in Bandung in 2018, with three adolescents with high level of guilt as samples. Data were taken using Guilt Instrument. The research employed the A-B design. The results show reduction of guilt based on the mean score in the baseline test and the mean score after the intervention. The mean baseline score of counselee ES was 67.01, and after intervention the score fell to 50.19; the mean baseline score of counselee FLO was 85.79 and went down to 76.72 after intervention; and the mean baseline score of counselee PK was 77.64 and decreased to 63.91 after intervention. Thus, it can be concluded that Gestalt counselling with the empty chair technique is in general effective to reduce guilt.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.