JURNAL MAHKAMAH : Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm <p align="justify"><strong>Mahkamah Journal</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>is&nbsp;a scientific journal published by Institut IAIM NU Metro Lampung.&nbsp;Mahkamah Journal&nbsp;contains research and conceptual articles (either qualitative field or qualitative literature) with a focus on studies in the field of "Law and Islamic Law". Managers&nbsp; invite scientists, scholars, researchers, and students to develop their scientific and publish the results of their &nbsp;research after the selection mechanism of the manuscript, review of bestari partner, and editing process. Mahkamah : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum dan Hukum Islam, published twice a year, the period from January to June and July to December. This publication is available online via open access.&nbsp;P-ISSN: 2527-4422 dan E-ISSN: 2548-5679.&nbsp;</p> Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung, Indonesia en-US JURNAL MAHKAMAH : Kajian Ilmu Hukum Dan Hukum Islam 2527-4422 Analisis Efektifitas Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Sambas Nomor 1 Tahun 2009 Tentang Desa http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/362 <p><em>Dengan diterbitkan Undang – Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2004 Tentang Pemerintahan Daerah yang selanjutnya disingkat UU No. 32 Tahun 2004 tentang Pemda sebagai pengganti Undang – Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 dan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 76 Tahun 2001 maka Peraturan Daerah Kabupaten Sambas yang mengatur tentang penyelenggaraan pemerintahan desa perlu untuk disesuaikan. Dan kemudian lahirlah Perda Sambas No. 1 tahun 2009 tentang desa.Persoalan muncul ketika UU No. 6 tahun 2014 tentang desa diundangkan pada tanggal 15 januari 2014 yang kemudian dihadapkan dengan Perda Sambas No. 1 tahun 2009 tentang desa yang konsekuensi pengaturannya masih eksis sampai saat ini. Sehingga menuai pertanyaan mengenai bagaimana efektifitas pelaksanaan Perda No. 1 tahun 2009 tentang desa tersebut ?.Jenis penelitian ini termasuk penelitian kepustakaan (<em>library research), </em>menggunakan pendekatan yaitu penelitian hukum normatif. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa Perda Sambas No. 1 Tahun 2009 tentang desa secara landasan yuridis dan materi muatan pengaturannya tidak mengacu kepada UU No. 6 tahun 2014 tentang desa sehingga terjadi ketidaksesuaian norma yang mana akan menimbulkan ketidakpastian hukum dalam pelaksanaannya. Hal ini memperlihatkan diperlukan Perda Sambas tentang desa yang baru.</em></p> Sri Sudono Saliro ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 187 218 10.25217/jm.v3i2.362 Pendekatan Sistem Terhadap Hukum Islam Perspektif Jasser Auda http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/385 <p>Maqashid al-syari’ah menjadi hal yang penting dalam melakukan kajian terhadap syari’ah Islam (hukum Islam). Karena, maqasid al-syari’ah ialah dasar dan pintu utama dalam memahami hukum yang telah diturunkan oleh Tuhan kepada nabi Muhammad saw., (al-Qur’an dan hadist). Maqashid al-syari’ah (gabungan tujuan ketuhanan dan nilai-nilai adab) yang dijadikan sebagai jembatan antara syari’ah Islam terhadap berbagai isu dan tantangan kekinian, bahkan menjadi kunci utama. Maqashid al-syari’ah menjadi pintu dasar untuk melakukan<em>ijtihad</em> terhadap pembaharuan hukum Islam.</p> <p>Jasser Auda berusaha membincang tiga ilmu sekaligus: <em>maqasid al-syari’ah</em>, <em>ushul fiqh</em>, dan filsafat sistem. Ketiga pengetahuan ini sebelumnya terpisah dan tidak terkoneksi antara satu sama lainnya. Menariknya, Auda mampu membuatnya menjadi satu-kesatuan dan saling terintegrasi.</p> Muhammad Syaifullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 219 238 10.25217/jm.v3i2.385 Hukum Islam Dalam Memaknai Sebuah Perbedaan http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/142 <p>Islam is a religion <em>rahmatan lil'alamin</em>, for that Islam can put the situation and conditions. Islam is the religion <em>Hanīf</em>, fairness and tolerance to their <em>ikhtilaf</em> (dissent). In terms of the causes and roots, there are two forms <em>ikhtilaf</em> (dispute), the deviation caused by the character and thought. Unjustified deviation is a deviation in aqidah matter of principle. Deviation is actually a little touch on the basic framework of worship. However, when the jurists began to enter the technical and operational principle that no deviation is irreversible appearance. Deviation can be justified is the deviation in trouble <em>furu</em>', and the issue is not the principle <em>I'tiqad</em>. Deviation different from the <em>iftiraq</em>, <em>iftiraq</em> according to the language comes from the word meaning <em>mufarawah</em> division and separation. Meanwhile, according to the terms of the scholars, <em>iftiraq</em> is out of the Sunnah and Jama'ah on one ushul (principal) of a judge actions ushul fundamental, both in aqidah or amaliyah.</p> Agus Hermanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 239 262 10.25217/jm.v3i2.142 Peran Asuransi Terhadap Resiko Pembiayaan http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/244 <p><em>This research review of the role of insurance against the risk of financing .Research is interesting to be discussed in depth using approach or in depth interviews with employees bmt. To overcome loss arising , people develop a mechanism that at present we know as insurance Hence the institutions of baitul maal wat tamwil need to readiness to at risk of , whether it is the risk of self soul and business risk who traveled. The purpose of this research to know what part insurance against the risk of loans for bmt Mekar Abadi Kota Gajah .The benefits of this research into account and evaluation in their policy for the practitioners of insurance in bmt in solving the about the role of insurance against the risk of financing .This is the kind of research field research ( file risearch ) .The qualitative method was used in the study , a source of primary data in this research is the director , managers and marketing bmt bloom perennial central city an elephant lampung. The result of this research is this insurance Syari’ah on bmt Mekar Abadi was a mutually cooperate ( ta’awun ) and protect ( takafuli ) of the participants insured amelalui the formation of a collection of funds ( funds tabarru’ ) managed in accordance with the principle of worship syari’ah to run the risk of certain. The Insurance in bmt Mekar Abadi for customers that is to guarantee repayment loans / financing as much as plafond initial credit / insured when participants had died sick or accident happened in the insurance (coverage&nbsp;&nbsp; fixed).The Writer advise for cooperatives&nbsp; Mekar Abadi Kota Gajah should improve services that customers feel safe and are satisfied in cooperation with cooperatives Mekar Abadi.</em></p> Dewi Puspita Harto A. Satyo Rakhmat Rakhmat ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 263 282 10.25217/jm.v3i2.244 Pencegahan Pembiayaan Bermasalah Melalui Komite Pembiayaan http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/379 <p><em>One source of BMT income is the distribution of funds through Murabahah financing. Murabahah financing is a contract of sale and purchase with prices and profits notified at the beginning. And the total amount of financing available must be managed professionally so as not to become a problematic financing. At BMT Assyafi'iyah Berkah Nasional, this professionalism is realized in the form of a Financing Committee.</em></p> <p><em>This research is a field research which is qualitative descriptive. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews and documentation. The subjects in this study were the Business Director and Head of the Financing Division of KSPPS BMT Assyafi'iyah Berkah Nasional, while the object of this study was all activities related to the Financing Committee in the KSPPS BMT Assyafi'iyah Berkah Nasional.</em></p> <p><em>The results of the study explain that problematic financing at BMT Assyafi'iyah is caused by 3 factors, namely financing members, BMT internal factors, and external factors. Its function is to minimize problem financing by analyzing the feasibility of providing financing through the 5C principle approach which includes Character, Capacity, Capital, and Colleteral.</em></p> Agus Susilo Ika Trisnawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 283 298 10.25217/jm.v3i2.379 Analisis Syariah Compliance Koperasi Syariah Berdasar Maqasid Index Dan Peraturan Deputi Pengawasan Kementerian Koperasi Dan UMKM http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/325 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis syariah compliance koperasi syariah di Jepara dengan menggunakan maqashid index dan peraturan deputi pengawasan kementerian koperasi dan UMKM No. 07/Per/Dep.6/IV/2016 tentang Pedoman Penilaian Kesehatan KSPPS dan USPPS Koperasi. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut penelitian dirancang dengan&nbsp; jenis penelitian kualitatif. Pengumpulan data primer dengan tehnik wawancara dan observasi pada objek penelitian, dan data sekunder ditelusuri dari pustaka, media (internet/cetak), instansi terkait, dan&nbsp; sumber-sumber lain yang relevan. Adapun objek penelitian ditentukan dengan&nbsp; metode<em>purposive sampling</em>. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Tingkat kepatuhan koperasi syariah di Jepara berdasarkan <em>Maqasid Index</em> dan Peraturan Deputi Pengawasan Kementerian Koperasi dan UMKM. No. 07/2016 di Jepara dapat dikategorikan cukup patuh bahkan pada salah satu koperasi pada kategori patuh. Kepatuhan tersebut terutama pada tujuan mewujudkan keadilan melalui dimensi produk-produk yang ditawarkan bebas dari unsur riba. Selain itu Koperasi al Hikmah menunjukkan lebih patuh dibanding koperasi Mitra Muamalat. Namun keduanya sama-sama kuat dalam tujuan mewujudkan keadilan dalam produknya.</p> Musyafa' musyafa' Silviana Pebruary Ahmad Khoirul Anam ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 299 322 10.25217/jm.v3i2.325 Kursus Calon Pengantin (SUSCATIN) Dalam Membina Keharmonisan Rumah Tangga Di Kecamatan Metro Timur http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/article/view/396 <p><em>Marriage is a sunnatullah that applies to all creatures of God, both humans, animals, and plants. Islam views that quality marriage will be measured from the process of pre, right, and post marriage. How someone starts the process of looking for a prospective wife or husband until the marriage contract and post-marriage will have offspring, all of which are clad in a clear Shari'a. So that the hope when having children, is that children who are pious and pious, can provide benefits to the people. Based on this matter, the Ministry of Religion took the initiative to implement the Candidate Candidate Course program in accordance with the government regulations that had been made.</em><em>This research is a type of field research. The nature of this research is qualitative descriptive. In this study data collection methods used were observation, interview and documentation. In analyzing data, researchers used an inductive approach.</em><em>The results of the study explained that what is meant by pre-marriage debriefing is the process of transforming behavior and attitudes in groups or the smallest social unit in society towards prospective brides. Quality marriage is a condition where marriage can produce happiness, conformity and stability of marriage. While the level of quality of marriage itself is influenced by factors such as optimal family composition, family life cycle, socio-economic feasibility and suitability of roles, social and personal resource factors of husband and wife even by premarital conditions. That the sakinah family is a family that all family members feel love, security, peace, protection, happiness, blessing, respect, respect, trust and blessed by Allah SWT.</em></p> Lili Purnamasari Iwannudin Iwannudin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/jm/OpenAccessPolicy 2018-12-31 2018-12-31 3 2 323 348 10.25217/jm.v3i2.396