Proses Berpikir dalam Memecahkan Masalah Logika Matematika Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif Field Independent dan Field Dependent

  • Ardi Dwi Susandi
  • Santi Widyawati

Abstract

The process of thinking is the steps that a person uses in receiving, processing, concluding, and reusing the information obtained to resolve the issues related to solve the problem of the memory. While cognitive style is an activity that became a characteristic of learners in the functioning of mental activities in the field of cognitive (thinking, remembering, processing information, organizing, solving problems, and making decisions) which is consistent. Cognitive style has a major role when utilized in an effort to improve the effectiveness of the learning process. Cognitive styles are divided into two, namely, Field Independent (FI) and Field Dependent (FD). This research is descriptive qualitative which describes the process of thinking of students in solving mathematical problems on material combinations and permutations. The data collection method in this study using GEFT tests to determine cognitive styles of students, test description of material combinations and permutations to obtain the thinking process of students, and interviews. Based on cognitive style, students are grouped into 2 groups: FI and FD, and then subsequently selected two students from two groups of students from the FI and FD to give test of thinking ability and then interviews. Data analysis technique used Miles and Huberman, data reduction, display, and conclusion drawing / verification. Based on the analysis we concluded that students who have the cognitive styles FI tend to have a conceptual thought process. Likewise, students who have the cognitive style FD, these students are also likely to have a conceptual thought process. The process of conceptual thinking is the thought process which solves problems by using the concept that has been owned by the results of studies.
Published
2017-07-10
How to Cite
SUSANDI, Ardi Dwi; WIDYAWATI, Santi. Proses Berpikir dalam Memecahkan Masalah Logika Matematika Ditinjau dari Gaya Kognitif Field Independent dan Field Dependent. NUMERICAL : Jurnal Matematika dan Pendidikan Matematika, [S.l.], p. 93-112, july 2017. ISSN 2580-2437. Available at: <http://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/numerical/article/view/122>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.25217/numerical.v1i1.122.
Section
Articles