Re-Examining the Anatomy of Islamic Psychotherapy and Counselling: Envisioned and Enacted Practices




counselling, islamic psychotherapy, muslims, psychotherapy, spiritual


Islam is a major world religion and is considered one of the Abrahamic, monotheistic faiths, focusing on monotheistic beliefs. The population of Muslims is estimated to be over one billion people and it is a heterogeneous rather than homogeneous community. Muslim communities are made of different races, ethnic groups’ nationalities, and cultures across the globe and united by their common Islamic faith. There has been an exponential growth of Muslim communities in most countries of the West and Southern hemispheres. This growth has resulted in an increased prevalence of psychosocial and mental health problems leading to a demand for psychotherapeutic and mental health services. The increased mental health problems among the Muslim communities have brought new challenges to therapists to provide a non-Eurocentric therapy approach based on the worldview of their Muslim clients. It is argued that mainstream psychology has lost its ‘soul’ and is largely devoid of the psycho-spiritual concerns of its clients. The therapeutic interventions of mainstream therapies, based upon a mono-cultural perspective, are failing to meet the holistic needs of Muslims. Based on the increasing recognition of the need to provide holistic therapy, a new paradigm shift is needed in the development of Islamic psychotherapy and counselling.

Author Biography

Goolam Hussein Rassool, Riphah International University, Pakistan

He is a Mauritian-British academic, teacher, educationalist, author, and Islamic psychotherapist. He is an experienced and innovative educational consultant and an academic researcher in the field of Psychology, Education, and Mental Health. He was the first appointed Professor of Islamic Psychology in an academic establishment. He currently holds the post of Professor of Islamic Psychology & Consultant, Riphah Institute of Clinical and Professional Psychology/ Centre for Islamic Psychology, Riphah International University. He is also the Director of Studies, Department of Islamic Psychology, Psychotherapy & Counselling, Al Balagh Academy. He is also the Chair of Al Balkhi Institute of Islamic Psychology Research.


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How to Cite

Rassool, G. H. (2021). Re-Examining the Anatomy of Islamic Psychotherapy and Counselling: Envisioned and Enacted Practices. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 4(2), 133–143.