The Religious Struggle Framework: Religious Experience from Struggle to Transformation




Muslim identity, religious awakening, religious degradation, religious experience, religious struggle framework, religious transformation


The phenomenon of young individuals struggling with their religious beliefs can lead to wide-ranging consequences. Existing studies are dominantly Western in context, which may not be applicable in other settings. Therefore, as contextualized and rationalized through an Islamic perspective, the present study aims to build a framework to explore religious struggle. Through a qualitative research design, multiple methods were employed: responses from six Muslim interviewees were reconstructed into a single monologue using the composite narrative method, and then narrative analysis was done, followed by method theory and domain theory analyses being conducted. Constructs were identified and discussed, theories as lenses to view the phenomenon were employed, and further evaluations of the phenomenon and relevant constructs were done. A discussion was integrated with each analysis. Through synthesizing the findings, I propose a framework called the religious struggle framework (RSF). With the RSF’s flexible, adaptable, and modifiable nature, the framework can be used beyond the present study’s population. It can be utilized in both quantitative and qualitative research designs. Limitations and recommendations for further research were also presented.

Author Biography

Nur Amali Aminnuddin, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam

He is a Lecturer of Islamic Studies at the Sultan Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Centre for Islamic Studies (SOASCIS), Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam. His research interests revolve within the disciplines of psychology of religion, social psychology, and behavioral sciences. He had published research in the contexts of organization, social groups, behavior, and personality. Religion, specifically Islam, is a recurring theme in his work. His current research focuses on Islamic religiousness and traits of young Muslims. He is also now looking into religious experiences and religious issues within the contemporary context of Muslims.


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How to Cite

Aminnuddin, N. A. (2022). The Religious Struggle Framework: Religious Experience from Struggle to Transformation. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(1), 15–29.