A Comparative Study Between Islamic and Public High Schools on Multicultural Self-Efficacy

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v5i1.2591

Keywords:

Islamic high school, multicultural self-efficacy, public high school, school counseling

Abstract

Having adequate multicultural self-efficacy enables students to get along, learn, and collaborate confidently and harmoniously with culturally diverse peers in any school setting. However, there is only a small number of research on this matter for the dual types of Indonesian secondary schools. The objective of this study was to compare Islamic and public high school students on multicultural self-efficacy. A 36-item Multicultural Self-Efficacy Scale for High School (MSES-HS) measured the multicultural self-efficacy of 246 Islamic and Public high school students in an online survey. It consisted of cultural insight, communication, cultural value, cultural awareness, and flexibility subscales. Results indicated that most of the students’ multicultural self-efficacy in both schools fell from a moderate to the highest level, except for small numbers at a low and a lower level. The current study found that the multicultural self-efficacy levels of Islamic and public high school students were not different significantly. In terms of differences by grade levels and gender, the study indicated similar results. The study highlighted findings to guidance and counseling services and suggestions to expand the investigation.

Author Biography

Yosef Yosef, Universitas Sriwijaya, Indonesia

He currently is a lecturer in the Guidance and Counseling Study Program of Universitas Sriwijaya. His current research interest is on multicultural and parental involvement issues in relation to guidance and counseling. He graduated from the Indonesia University of Education.

References

Abdullah, M. (2019). School culture to serve performance of madrasah in Indonesia. Qudus International Journal of Islamic Studies, 7(1), 71–100. https://doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v7i1.4809

Acker, S., & Oatley, K. (1993). Gender Issues in Education for Science and Technology: Current Situation and Prospects for Change. Canadian Journal of Education, 18(3), 255. https://doi.org/10.2307/1495386

Aini, N. (2012). Domestifikasi etnisitas: Pemekaran wilayah dan rutinisasi kekerasan antar etnis di Maluku Utara. Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v1i1.23434

Aisida, S. (2021). Values of Multicultural Islamic Education In Islamic Studies at High School. EDUTEC: Journal of Education And Technology, 4(4), 691–707. Google Scholar

Amalia, H., Dzulhiza, Z., Fauziati, E., & Marmanto, S. (2019). Male and Female Students’ Preferences on the Oral Corrective Feedback in English as Foreign Language (EFL) Speaking Classroom. Humaniora, 10(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v10i1.5248

Bahri, S. (2020). Multicultural Education In Islamic Education Philosophy Perspective. Istawa : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 5(2), 239. https://doi.org/10.24269/ijpi.v5i2.2891

Balart, P., & Oosterveen, M. (2019). Females show more sustained performance during test-taking than males. Nature Communications, 2, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11691-y

Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy Mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist 37(2), 122–147. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.2.122

Bandura, A., & Locke, E. A. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(1), 87–99. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.88.1.87

Bandura, A., Freeman, W. H., & Lightsey, R. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.1891/0889-8391.13.2.158

Banks, J. A. (2008). An introduction to multicultural education. Google Scholar

Belser, C. T. (2017). Introduction to Counseling children and adolescents. In J. Ziomek-Daigle (Ed.), Counseling Children and Adolescents. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315466736

Bogaerts, E. (2012). Whither Indonesian Culture?: Rethinking ‘Culture’ in Indonesia in a Time of Decolonization. In J. Lindsay & M. H. T. Liem. (Eds.), Heirs to World Culture: Being Indonesian 1950-1965 (pp. 1950–1965). Brill. Google Scholar

BPS, B. (2021). Jumlah Sekolah, Guru, dan Murid menurut. Badan Pusat Statistik. Google Scholar

Burger, C., Raelin, J. A., Reisberl, R. M., Baile, M. B., & Whitman, D. (2010). Self-efficacy in female and male undergraduate engineering students: Comparisons among four institutions. Proceeding of 2010 ASEE Southeast Section Conference, 9. Google Scholar

Chao, M. M., Okazaki, S., & Hong, Y. (2011). The quest for multicultural competence: Challenges and lessons learned from clinical and organizational. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(5), 263–274. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2011.00350.x

Chiu, C. Y., Matsumoto, D., & Ward, C. (2013). Cross-cultural competence: Theory, research , and application. February 2019. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022113493716

Convertino, C., Levinson, B. A., & Gonzalez, N. (2019). Culture, teaching, and learning. In J. A. Banks & C. A. M. Banks (Ed.), Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives (pp. 25–42). Wiley. Google Scholar

Delors, J. (1996). Learning: The treasure within. Report to International Commision on Education for the Twenty-first Century, UNESCO. https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000109590

Diaz‐Leon, E. (2015). What is social construction?. European Journal of Philosophy, 23(4), 1137-1152. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejop.12033

Friebel, G., Lalanne, M., Richter, B., Schwardmann, P., & Seabright, P. (2021). Gender differences in social interactions. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 186, 33–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2021.03.016

Futaesaku, K. (2019). Reconstruction and Transformation of Regional Culture Through Tourism: The case of Bangka Belitung Province. Proceeding of International Conference of Democratisation in Southeast Asia, 50–55. https://doi.org/10.2991/icdesa-19.2019.11

Geertz, C. (1984). Culture and Social Change: Indonesian Case. Man, 19(4), 511–532. https://doi.org/10.2307/2802324

Guo, W. (2020). Grade-Level Differences in Teacher Feedback and Students’ Self-Regulated Learning. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00783

Hadi, I., Ary, M. M., & Haris, I. A. (2018). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Keputusan Siswa dalam Memilih Sekolah di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri (MAN) 2 Jembrana sebagai Tempat Belajar. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi, 10(2), 584–593. https://doi.org/10.23887/jjpe.v10i2.20128

Handwerker, W. P. (2002). The Construct Validity of Cultures: Cultural Diversity, Culture Theory, and a Method for Ethnography. American Anthropologist, 104(1), 106–122. https://doi.org/10.1525/aa.2002.104.1.106

Hansen-thomas, H., & Chennapragada, S. (2018). Culture clash in the multicultural classroom: A case study from a newcomer school. English Language Teaching, 11(4), 82–90. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v11n4p82

Havighurst, R. J. (1956). Research on the Developmental-Task Concept. The School Review, 64(5), 215–223. https://doi.org/10.1086/442319

Hladík, J., Hrbá, K., & So, Ė. (2012). Individual Importance of Multicultural Competence in relation to Components of Students ’ Self-regulated Learning. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 341–349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.419

Hong, E., Peng, Y., & Rowell, L. L. (2009). Homework self-regulation: Grade, gender, and achievement-level differences. Learning and Individual Differences, 19(2), 269–276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2008.11.009

Hong, Y. Y., & Khei, M. (2014). Dynamic Multiculturalism: The Interplay of Social Cognitive, neural, and Genetic Mechanisms. In V. Benet-Martinez & Y. Y. Hong (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199796694.001.0001

Huang, C. J. (2013). Gender differences in academic self-efficacy: A meta-analysis. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-011-0097-y

Hughey, J. R. (2011). Meeting the needs of diverse students: enhancing school counselors ’ experiences. Educational Considerations, 38(2), 20–27. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4148/0146-9282.113

Ibrahim, I., Rendy, R., Sujadmi, S., Pratama Saputra, P., & Febriani, L. (2020). Fan Ngin Tong Ngin Tjit Jong: The assimilation face of grassroot of Chinese ethnic in Bangka Island, Indonesia. SHS Web of Conferences, 76. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20207601013

Johan, T. S. B. (2020). International World Recognition on Indonesia’s Success in Creating Tolerance of Religion. The International Conference on Community Development (ICCD), 722–726. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.201017.159

Jones, T. (2012). Indonesian cultural policy in the reform era. Indonesia, 2012(93), 147–176. https://doi.org/10.5728/indonesia.93.0147

Khalikin, A., & Reslawati, R. (2021). The Dynamics of Religious Moderation in Bangka Island. Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Religious Life. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.2-11-2020.2305035

Klassen, R. M., & Lynch, S. L. (2007). Self-Efficacy From the Perspective of Adolescents With LD and Their Specialist Teachers. Journal of Learning Disability, 40(6), 494–507. https://doi.org/10.1177/00222194070400060201

Kurniawan, K. R., Kusumawardhani, R. A., Ellisa, E., Widyarta, M. N., & Atmoko, T. U. (2013). Hybridity on architecture and urban spaces in the Colonial Tin Mining Town of Muntok-Bangka. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 17(2), 75. https://doi.org/10.7454/mssh.v17i2.2953

Lehman, C. L. (2017). Multicultural Competence : A Literature Review Supporting Focused Training for Preservice Teachers Teaching Diverse Students. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(10), 109–116. Google Scholar

Lv, B., Zhou, H., Liu, C., Guo, X., liu, J., Jiang, K., Liu, Z., & Luo, L. (2018). The Relationship Between Parental Involvement and Children’s Self-Efficacy Profiles: A Person-Centered Approach. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 27(11), 3730–3741. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-018-1201-6

Maddux, J. E., (2012), Self-Efficacy: The Power of Believing You Can, in S. J. Lopez, and C. R. Snyder (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology. Oxford Academic. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195187243.013.0031

Manning, M. L. E. E. (2016). Havighurst’s developmental tasks, young adolescents, and diversity. The Clearing House, 76(2), 75–78. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30189796

Matthews, J. J., Barden, S. M., & Sherrell, R. S. (2018). Examining the Relationships Between Multicultural Counseling Competence, Multicultural Self-Efficacy, and Ethnic Identity Development of Practicing Counselors. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 40(2), 129–141. https://doi.org/10.17744/mehc.40.2.03

Merlin, C. (2017). School Counselors and Multicultural Education: Applying the Five Dimensions Clare Merlin University of North Carolina, Charlotte. Journal of School Counseling, 15(6), 31. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1144757.pdf

Mulya, T. W., Aditomo, A., & Suryani, A. (2021). On being a religiously tolerant Muslim : discursive contestations among pre-service teachers in contemporary Indonesia. British Journal of Religious Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2021.1917338

Mulyana, D., & Zubair, A. (2015). Intercultural Communication Competence Developed by Chinese in Communicating With Malays in Bangka Island, Indonesia. Sino-US English Teaching, 12(4), 299–309. https://doi.org/10.17265/1539-8072/2015.04.009

Myrick, R. D. (2011). Developmental guidance and counseling: A practical approach (5th ed.). Educational Media Corporation. Google Scholar

Nakaya, A. (2018). Overcoming ethnic conflict through multicultural education: The case of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. International Journal of Multicultural Education, 20(1), 118–137. https://doi.org/10.18251/ijme.v20i1.1549

Nasir, M. (2020). Curriculum characteristics of madrasah aliyah in East Kalimantan. Dinamika Ilmu, 20(1), 95–105. https://doi.org/10.21093/di.v20i1.2215

OECD, O. (2018). The Future of education and skills: education 2030. OECD Education Working Papers. http://www.oecd.org/education/2030/E2030

Oettingen, G. (1995). Cross-cultural Perspective on Self-Efficacy. In A. Bandura (Ed.), Self-efficacy in Changing Societies (p. 351). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511527692.007

Permana, M. (2022). Guru SMA di Jember berkata rasis ke siswa. Koran Merdeka, 19. Google

Prabowo, A. D. A., & Ilyas, H. (2021). Multicultural Education in Islamic Perspective. Proceedings of the International Conference on Economics, Business, Social, and Humanities (ICEBSH) 2021. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210805.060

Priatna, T., Muntaha, P. Z., & Nurhamzah. (2019). Vision of Multicultural Islamic Education Paradigm in Indonesia. American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Research (AJHSSR), 3(11), 118–124. Google Scholar

Rahman, A. (2022). Polemik Arteria Soal Bahasa Sunda, DPR Sebut Konstitusi Melindungi Bahasa Daerah. Majalah Tempo. Google

Raihani, R. (2018). Education for multicultural citizens in Indonesia: policies and practices. Compare, 48(6), 992–1009. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2017.1399250

Reitz, J. G., Banerjee, R., Phan, M., & Thompson, J. (2009). Race, religion, and the social integration of new immigrant minorities in Canada. International Migration Review, 43(4), 695-726. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00782.x

Rifa’i, A. A. (2019). Religious and tolerant attitudes of university students: A comparative study. Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 27(1), 125–148. https://doi.org/10.21580/ws.27.1.3872

Rosyad, A. M. (2020). the Integration of Islamic Education and Multicultural Education in Indonesia. Al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies, 3(1), 164–181. Google Scholar

Schmidt, J. (2008). Counseling in schools: Comprehensive programs of responsive services for all students (5th ed.). Pearson. Google Scholar

Schunk, D. H., & Meece, J. L. (2006). Self-efficacy development in adolescence. In F. Pajares & T. C. Urdan (Eds.). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents (pp. 71–96). Information Age Pub., Inc. Google Scholar

Seo, J. Y. (2022). College Students’ Preferences on Principles for the Effective Instructional Video Design for Online General English Classes in Korea. Electronic Journal of E-Learning, 20(3), 313–324. https://doi.org/10.34190/ejel.20.3.2336 

Septian, M. R., & Budiman, A. (2021). Tolerance in Madrasah Students Based on Religious Organization Affiliates. JOMSIGN: Journal of Multicultural Studies in Guidance and Counseling, 5(2), 43–61. https://doi.org/10.17509/jomsign.v5i2.35063

Sumaktoyo, N. G. (2021). Ethnic and religious sentiments in Indonesian politics: evidence from the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial election. Journal of East Asian Studies, 21(1), 141-164. https://doi.org/10.1017/jea.2020.35

Supaat, S. (2020). The Existence and Challenge of Madrasah (Identification Problem and Typology of Madrasah Aliyah in Kudus). Proceeding International Seminar on Education. Google Scholar

Suparta, S. (2020). Strategi Pendidikan Toleransi Beragama dan Implikasinya terhadap Keutuhan NKRI di Bangka Belitung. Edugama: Jurnal Kependidikan Dan Sosial Keagamaan, 6(1), 93–110. https://doi.org/10.32923/edugama.v6i1.1749

Tyler, R. W. (1957). The Curriculum-Then And Now. The Elementary School Journal, 57(7), 364–374. https://doi.org/10.1086/459567

Varol, B., & Yilmaz, S. (2010). Similarities and differences between female and male learners: Inside and outside class autonomous language learning activities. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 3(1), 237–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.038

Vieno, A., Santinello, M., Pastore, M., & Perkins, D.D. (2007). Social support, sense of community in school, and self-efficacy as resources during early adolescence: An integrative model. American Journal of Community Psychology, 39(1-2), 177-190. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10464-007-9095-2

Wang, Y., Dai, Y., Li, H., & Song, L. (2021). Social media and attitude change: Information booming promote or resist persuasion?. Frontiers in Psychology, 12(June), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.596071

Wati, M. S., & Buduroh, M. (2021). Pola Integrasi antara Jawa dan Melayu-Bangka Belitung dalam Naskah Hikayat Raja Berekor. Jumantara: Jurnal Manuskrip Nusantara, 12(1), 53–68. https://doi.org/10.37014/jumantara.v12i1.1124

Wehrwein, E. A., Lujan, H. L., & DiCarlo, S. E. (2007). Gender differences in learning style preferences among undergraduate physiology students. Advances in Physiology Education, 31(2), 153–157. https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00060.2006

Wibowo, A. M. (2018). Multikulturalisme Peserta Didik Muslim di Yogyakarta. Edukasi: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Agama dan Keagamaan, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.32729/edukasi.v16i1.457

Yılmaz, F. (2016). Multiculturalism and Multicultural Education : A Case Study of Teacher Candidates ’ Perceptions Multiculturalism and Multicultural Education : A Case study of Teacher Candidates’ Perceptions. Cogent Education, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2016.1172394

Yong, E. L. (2019). Understanding cultural diversity and economic prosperity in Europe: a literature review and proposal of a culture–economy framework. Asian Journal of German and European Studies, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40856-019-0043-3

Yosef, Y., Harlina, H., Rahmi, S., & Muslifar, R. (2021). Skala efikasi diri multikultur siswa SMA: Instrumen pengukuran untuk guru bimbingan dan konseling. Bening Media Publishing. Google Scholar

Zarbaliyev, H. (2017). Multiculturalism in Globalization Era: History and Challenge for Indonesia. Journal of Social Studies (JSS), 13(1), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.21831/JSS.V13I1.16966.G9971

Downloads

Published

2022-07-27

How to Cite

Yosef, Y. (2022). A Comparative Study Between Islamic and Public High Schools on Multicultural Self-Efficacy. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v5i1.2591