Relationship between Dark Triad, Mental Health, and Subjective Well-being Moderated by Mindfulness: A Study on Atheists and Muslim Students




dark triad, mental health, mindfulness, subjective well-being


Research indicates that mindfulness is related to mental health (anxiety, depression, and general health) and well-being. However, its impact on individuals who have the Dark Triad (DT) personality remains unclear. We examined the relationship between the DT constructs (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism), mental health, and subjective well-being with mindfulness as the moderator variable. A total of 764 (Atheist=412; Muslims=352) university students were recruited to complete the Dark Triad personality scale (DM), Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Trait Anxiety scale (STAI), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), and Subjective Well-Being scale (SWB). Pearson's correlations and PROCESS macro were used to evaluate associations between these variables and whether mindfulness moderated the associations between DT constructs, mental health, and subjective well-being. The results revealed that DT statistically significant predictor of mental health but only in low mindfulness levels. While two DT constructs, narcissism and Machiavellianism, significantly predict subjective well-being only for participants with high mindfulness levels.

Author Biographies

Aamer Aldbyani, Thamar University, Yemen & Shandong Normal University, China

He is a lecturer at Education college, Thamar University, Yemen. At the same time a Ph.D. student at Psychology school, Shandong Normal University, China who will graduate in July 2023.

Mohammed Hasan Ali Al-Abyadh, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia & Thamar University, Yemen

He is an Associate Professor of Mental Health at the College of Education, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia and a Professor at the College of Education, Thamar University, Thamar, Yemen.


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How to Cite

Aldbyani, A., & Al-Abyadh, M. H. A. (2022). Relationship between Dark Triad, Mental Health, and Subjective Well-being Moderated by Mindfulness: A Study on Atheists and Muslim Students. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(1), 71–87.