Muslim Spiritual Happiness Scale: The Instrument Development and Validation




The western happiness scale measures those material aspects, so it will not be objective when applied in low-income countries. Furthermore, Countries with high happiness ratings, which may ignore the importance of spirituality, have significantly higher rates of depression and suicide. Islam is the highest source of spirituality for its adherents. They believe happiness cannot only be measured by the material aspect and ignore the spiritual part. This study aims to develop a happiness scale that measures Muslim spiritual-material aspects. We used a development research approach to design an instrument based on the thoughts of Abdullah bin Abbas, test its validity, and estimate its reliability. The authors found Seven sub-scales and thirty-one valid items for Muslim spiritual happiness. The current instrument of happiness can be used to measure the spiritual happiness of Muslims. The authors expected that these findings encourage other researchers to improve the current version and develop a better and more valid instrument.

Author Biographies

Fitri Sukmawati, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia

She is a lecturer in the Islamic Psychology Study Program at the Faculty of Usuludin, Adab and Da'wah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia. Apart from being a lecturer, she is also a professional psychologist.

Sumin Sumin, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia

He is a statistics and applied mathematics lecturer at the Tadris Mathematics Study Program, Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia. He is currently pursuing a doctoral study in the Doctoral Educational Research and Evaluation program, concentrating on educational measurement (psychometrics). Apart from being a lecturer, he is also a consultant and professional in statistical data analysis and computing.

Edi Istiyono, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

He is a lecturer and professor in Educational Research and Evaluation at Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia. He is an active author in developing test instruments, measuring instruments, and psychometric modeling of educational measurement, physics, and science education.

Widhiastuti Widhiastuti, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia

She is a senior lecturer in test instrument development at the Faculty of Engineering at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Besides being a lecturer, Se is also active as a writer and in other academic activities at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Isyatul Mardiyati, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia

She is a lecturer in the Islamic Psychology Study Program at the Faculty of Usuludin, Adab, and Da'wah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pontianak, Indonesia. Apart from being a lecturer, she is also a professional psychologist. He is pursuing a doctoral study in psychology at Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia.


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How to Cite

Sukmawati, F., Sumin, S., Istiyono, E., Widhiastuti, W., & Mardiyati, I. (2022). Muslim Spiritual Happiness Scale: The Instrument Development and Validation. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(2), 135–151.