A Study on Muslim University Students in Indonesia: The Mediating Role of Resilience in the Effects of Religiousity, Social Support, Self-Efficacy on Subjective Well-being





religiosity, resilience, self-efficacy, social support, subjective well-being


Subjective well-being is an essential part of mental health in both religious and non-religious communities. On a global scale, most research on the relationship between religiosity and subjective well-being is conducted on English-speaking, Western, and Christian populations. This large-scale study is expected to complement and balance previous research by reporting the important role of resilience as a mediator in the relationship between religiosity, social support, and self-efficacy on subjective well-being based on a sample of Indonesians, the world's largest Muslim population. Data collection uses adaptation of standardized scales, namely the Positive Affect Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) for measurement of Subjective well-being, Resilience Evaluation Scale (RES) for resiliency, The Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS) for religiosity, The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) for social support, and the General Self-efficacy scale (GSES) for self-efficacy. A convenience sample of 1640 Muslim undergraduate students made up the responses. This study's findings suggest that self-efficacy, social support, and religiosity all directly influence resilience. Subjective well-being is directly affected by religion, social support, self-efficacy, and resilience. The association between self-efficacy, social support, self-religion, and subjective well-being is mediated by resilience. Resilience partially mediates the relationship between religiosity, social support, and self-efficacy with subjective well-being. This research has practical implications for the practice of Islamic guidance and counseling, notably the use of religion as a tool to build resilience, for instance, through a more positive reading of difficulties as God's gift for personal growth.

Author Biographies

Baidi Bukhori, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

He is a lecturer at the Faculty of Psychology and Health Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia. He graduated from the Doctoral Program in Psychology at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia. He is the Deputy Dean for Academic and Institutional Affairs at the Faculty of Psychology and Health and the Editor in Chief of the Psikohumaniora Journal (indexed by Scopus). In addition, he is also a reviewer of several journals, such as the Journal of Religion and Health, Psympathic: Scientific Journal of Psychology, and Journal of Integrative Psychology. Over the years, he has published 30 journal articles, three books/book chapters, and three conference proceedings.

Syamsul Ma'arif, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

He is currently the dean of the Faculty of Psychology and Health Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia. He is a professor of Islamic Education at Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang. His research focuses on Islamic philosophy, religiosity and tolerance, and counter-terrorism & radicalism in Indonesia.

Siti Aisyah binti Panatik, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

She is an Industrial and Organisational Psychology Professor at the School of Human Resource Development and Psychology (SHARPS), Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). Her research and consultancy focus on Industrial and Organisational Psychology, such as Work-Life Integration, Work Design, Work-Related Attitudes and Behaviors, Workplace Spiritual, Ethics and Integrity, and Occupational Well-being and Performance, as well as Positive Psychology. She is the author of several books such as Psychological Issues at Workplace, Personality at Workplace, Psychological Issues among Academia, and Psychological Well-being at Workplace.  She also serves as Chief Editor of the Journal of Research in Psychology and Editorial Board/Reviewer for various journals such as Jurnal Psikologi Malaysia, Sage Open Journal, International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Jurnal Nusantara, etc.

Ide Bagus Siaputra, Universitas Surabaya, Indonesia

He teaches at Universitas Surabaya's Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Surabaya. Academic integrity and psychological measurement are his areas of expertise. He writes, reviews, and speaks about academic integrity at international conferences like the International Integrity and Plagiarism Conference, Plagiarism across Europe and Beyond, and the ICAI Annual Conferences. He's a writer, reviewer, and editor at International Journal for Educational Integrity (IJEI). “Academic Integrity Campaign in Indonesia”, a chapter in Springer’s Handbook of Academic Integrity is one of his proudest accomplishments. Bagus introduced AK.SA.RA (AcKnowledgment, paraphrASe, & integRAte) to reduce plagiarism. Bagus creates, adapts, and validates various psychological measurements in personality, vocational interest, intelligence, and coping behavior. Since 2020, he's been a content validity expert for Indonesia's Character Survey for national assessments (AN). He's also editor-in-chief of ANIMA Indonesian Psychological Journal.

Abdullah Azzam Al Afghani, Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

He is a lecturer at Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia. His research focuses on Psychometrics, Item Response Theory, and Statistics. He was once active in Psychodiagnostic Development Unit (UPAP) at Universitas Gadjah Mada. He was an Assistant Analyst at the Center for Educational Assessment, Standards Agency, Curriculum, and Assessment Education, Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology (Pusmendik, BSKAP, Kemendikbusristek).


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How to Cite

Bukhori, B., Ma’arif, S., Panatik, S. A. binti, Siaputra, I. B., & Afghani, A. A. A. (2022). A Study on Muslim University Students in Indonesia: The Mediating Role of Resilience in the Effects of Religiousity, Social Support, Self-Efficacy on Subjective Well-being. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(2), 152–171. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v5i2.2972