Job Stress, Role Expectation Conflict, Co-Worker Support, and Work-Life Balance among Muslimah Scholars: A Study in the Indonesian Historical Women Political Movement Members




job stress, role expectation conflict, co-worker support, work-life balance, KUPI


Women ulama or Muslimah scholars are ordinary people who experience role conflicts, problems with co-worker support, and work-life imbalances which would cause stress in the workplace. Some pieces of literature have examined these issues; however, a study in a specific community like Muslimah scholars who are Indonesian Women's Ulama Conference members (KUPI) is still limited. This study examines the effect of role conflict, co-worker support, and work-life balance on work stress among Indonesian female Ulama. The author uses a quantitative approach with a cross-sectional design. After filling out a consent form, data was collected from Muslimah scholars and members of KUPI. Participants then filled out the questionnaire by self-report. The results showed that most participants had moderate role expectation conflict, co-worker support, work-life balance, and job stress. The variables of role expectation conflict, co-worker support, and work-life balance influence work stress simultaneously. The indirect effect analysis showed only role expectation conflict on job stress through work-life balance, which has a significant effect. This finding indicates that although these women scholars have strategic careers and positions in their workplace, colleagues and family are two crucial things for them.

Author Biographies

Siti Mahmudah, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia

She is a senior lecturer in the History of Islamic Civilization at the State Islamic University (UIN) Raden Intan, Lampung Province, Indonesia. She holds a Doctorate in Islamic Studies Program from State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia and Australian National University (ANU), Canberra-Australia 2016. She has a Master's of Islamic History from State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta, Indonesia 2001. Her research focuses mainly on Islam and politics in Indonesia and Islam and Local Tradition in Indonesia. She has been involved in international studies for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) in the Partnership in Islamic Education Scholarship (PIES) Program at Australian National University (ANU) Canberra-Australia 2015. Email address: [email protected]

Sadari Sadari, Institut Pembina Rohani Islam Jakarta, Indonesia

He is currently a lecturer at the Institut Pembina Rohani Islam Jakarta (IPRIJA) Ciracas-Jakarta Timur. As a thinker, lecturer, writer, researcher, and comparative expert on Islamic family law. Previously served as Chancellor at the Shalahuddin Al-Ayyubi Islamic Institute (INISA) Tambun-Bekasi (2018-2022). He is noted to be active in the ranks of the National Litapdimas Reviewer of the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, Reviewer and Editor in Chief of the National Journal, BKD Assessor, Ikasuka Jabodatabek Management in the field of Education and Strengthening of Scientific Networks, Head of section I Organizational Strengthening from the Indonesian PTKIS Lecturer Association. His education from a Bachelor's degree from the State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta (2002-2006) at the Faculty of Sharia: Comparison of Schools and Laws (PMH), his thesis: "Comparative Study of the Methodology of Thought of Inter-Religious Marriage According to the Opinions of Zainun Kamal and Yusuf al- Qaradawi.” After graduating, he took Deed IV for six months at UII Yogyakarta (2006-2007). He also completed his Master's at the State Islamic University (UIN) Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta (2008-2009) in the Postgraduate program of Islamic Law, his thesis: "The Concept of Islam and the Faith of Muhammad Syahrur and Its Relevance Among Religious People in Indonesia." As for his doctorate at the Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta Postgraduate School (SPs), Islamic Studies: Sharia program (2010-2014), his dissertation “Sacralization vis-à-vis Desacralization of Islamic Family Law in Indonesia: Hududi Studies for Relevance.”

Ummah Karimah, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta, Indonesia

She is a Doctor of Guidance and Counseling and Education at the Faculty of Islamic Religion Islamic Religious Education Study Program. Her research and consultancy focus on Guidance and Counseling or Islamic Guidance and Counseling, Islamic Psychology or education, such as student problems related to development, interest, learning motivation, and behavior or teacher problems related to methods, models, and strategies. And focuses on education related to management, quality of education, and issues in education. She authorizes books about guidance and counseling in Islamic boarding schools. She also served as the Quality Control Unit for the PGMI and KPI Study Programs at FAI UMJ, Secretary for the PAI Study Program at FAI UMJ, became the PSGA UMJ team in the field of child studies and the PAI Study Program Accreditation Team.

Habib Shulton Asnawi, Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung, Indonesia

He is a lecturer at Institut Agama Islam Ma'arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung, Indonesia. His research focuses on gender issues and human rights. He holds a Doctorate in Family Law from Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia. He has a Master's degree from Universitas Islam Indonesia and two Bachelor's degrees from Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta dan Universitas Cokroaminoto Yogyakarta, Indonesia.


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How to Cite

Mahmudah, S., Sadari, S., Karimah, U., & Asnawi, H. S. (2022). Job Stress, Role Expectation Conflict, Co-Worker Support, and Work-Life Balance among Muslimah Scholars: A Study in the Indonesian Historical Women Political Movement Members. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 5(2), 172–184.