The Effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring Techniques in Improving Students Learning Motivation

  • Laily Puji Astuti Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Nur Wangid Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: cognitive restructuring techniques, group counseling, students learning motivation

Abstract

The aim of the research is to determine the effectiveness of cognitive restructuring techniques to increase learning motivation in students of State Islamic Junior High School 6 Bantul. The type of research is experimental research. The research design uses quasi-experiment. The design uses Non-equivalent Control Group Design. The research population was 8th grade students of State Islamic Junior High School 6 Bantul, amounting to 149 students. The sampling technique in the research used purposive sampling. The criteria for determining the sample in the research are students of State Islamic Junior High School 6 Bantul at 8th grade which indicated to have low learning motivation. The data collection method uses a scale of learning motivation that has gone through validation processes. Data analysis using non-parametric statistics with the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. The results showed that there were differences in the results of the experimental group's learning motivation before (M=72.17) and after (111.67) the treatment was given (p=0.027<0.05). These results can be concluded that cognitive restructuring techniques are effective to increase students learning motivation.

References

Aritonang, K. T. (2008). Minat dan motivasi dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Jurnal pendidikan penabur, 7(10), 11-21. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Asikhia, O. A. (2014). Effect of Cognitive restructuring on the reduction of Mathematics anxiety among senior secondary school students in Ogun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(2), 1-20. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (2015). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Ravenio Books. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Chandra, E. K., Wibowo, M. E., & Sunawan, S. (2019). Cognitive Behaviour Group Counseling with Self-Instruction and Cognitive Restructuring Techniques to Improve Students' Self-Confidence. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 2(1), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v2i1.305

Clark, D. A. (2013). Cognitive restructuring. The Wiley handbook of cognitive behavioral therapy, 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118528563.wbcbt02

Drakulić, M. (2019). Exploring the Relationship between Students’ Perceptions of the Language Teacher and the Development of Foreign Language Learning Motivation. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 9(4), 364-370. https://doi.org /10.17507/tpls.0904.02

Erfantinni, I., Febriani, R., Ningrum, D., & Melinda, V. (2019). Character Building Through Counseling: The Reducement of Truancy with Cognitive Restructuring Technique. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 2(2), 77-82. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v2i2.464

Ghamari, K. H., Rafeie, S. H., & Kiani, A. R. (2015). Effectiveness of cognitive restructuring and proper study skills in the reduction of test anxiety symptoms among students in Khalkhal Iran. American Journal of Educational Research, 3(10). 1230-1236. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Hartini, N., & Ariana, A. D. (2016). Psikologi konseling: Perkembangan dan penerapan konseling dalam psikologi. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Jacobs, E. E., Masson, R. L., Harvill, R. L., & Schimmel, C. J. (2011). Group counseling: Strategies and skills. Cengage learning. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Krisnayana, T. A. (2014). Penerapan Konseling Kognitif dengan Teknik Restrukturisasi Kognitif Untuk Meningkatkan Resiliensi Siswa Kelas XI IPA 1 SMA Negeri 3 Singaraja. E-Journal Undiksa Jurusan Bimbingan Konseling, 2(1). Retrieved from Google Scholar

Manning, M. L. (2002). Havighurst's developmental tasks, young adolescents, and diversity. The Clearing House, 76(2), 75-78. https://doi.org/10.1080/00098650209604953

Mappeasse, M. Y. (2009). Pengaruh cara dan motivasi belajar terhadap hasil belajar programmable logic controller (PLC) siswa kelas III jurusan listrik SMK Negeri 5 Makassar. Jurnal Medtek, 1(2), 1-6. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/download/41759083/M._Yusuf_Mappeasse.pdf

Mikaeili, N., Zare, H., & Alhashem, A. (2010). Study of the efficacy of cognitive restructuring teaching at student's attribution style and academic performance. Iranian Rehabilitation Journal, 8(2), 43-49. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Ngwoke, D. U., Numonde, D., & Ngwoke, A. N. (2013). Effect of Cognitive Restructuring Intervention Programme on Academic Self-Efficacy of LowAchieving Students In Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Paripex-Indian Journal of Research, 2(9), 57-60. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Ningrum, S. D. (2018). Keefektifan Teknik Restrukturisasi Kognitif Untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Peserta Didik Kelas XI Administrasi Perkantoran SMK N 1 Banyudono Boyolali. (Master’s Thesis, Universitas Sebelas Maret). Retrieved from Google Scholar

Nursalim, M. (2013). Strategi dan intervensi konseling. Jakarta: Akademia Permata. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Oghenevwede, O. E. (2019). Effects of Cognitive Restructuring on Students’ Academic Achievement in Science in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State. ATBU Journal of Science, Technology and Education, 7(1), 123-129. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Rabanaque, S., & Martínez-Fernández, J. R. (2009). Conception of learning and motivation of Spanish psychology undergraduates in different academic levels. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 24(4), 513. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03178765

Rahardjanto, A., Husamah, H., & Fauzi, A. (2019). Hybrid-PjBL: Learning Outcomes, Creative Thinking Skills, and Learning Motivation of Preservice Teacher. International Journal of Instruction, 12(2), 179-192. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.12212a

Rehman, A., & Haider, K. (2013). The impact of motivation on learning of secondary school students in Karachi: An analytical study. Educational Research International, 2(2), 139-147. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Riswanto, A., & Aryani, S. (2017). Learning motivation and student achievement: description analysis and relationships both. COUNS-EDU: The International Journal of Counseling and Education, 2(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.23916/002017026010

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Adolescence, Ed 15th. US: McGraw-Hill Education. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Schreglmann, S. (2018). Developing Academic Motivation Scale for Learning Information Technology (AMSLIT): A Study of Validity and Reliability. Journal of Education and Learning, 7(4), 145-153. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v7n4p145

Setiani, R., Sanjaya, I., & Jatmiko, B. (2019). ARICESA as an Alternative Learning Model to Improve Learning Motivation and Understanding of Student Concepts. International Journal of Instruction, 12(2), 383-398. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.12225a

Shiu, S. C., Lin, S. Y., & Chien, H. O. (2012). The Relationship Between Learning Motivation and Innovative Behavior in the University Students: From the Perspective of Creative Self-Efficacy. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 5(5), 33. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Skaalvik, E. M., & Skaalvik, S. (2017). Dimensions of teacher burnout: Relations with potential stressors at school. Social Psychology of Education, 20(4), 775-790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-017-9391-0

Slameto. (2010). Belajar dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhinya. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Smith, R. L. (2015). A contextual measure of achievement motivation: Significance for research in counseling. VISITAS Online. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Sun, J. C. Y., & Lee, K. H. (2016). Which teaching strategy is better for enhancing anti-phishing learning motivation and achievement? The concept maps on tablet PCs or worksheets?. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 19(4), 87-99. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.2307/jeductechsoci.19.4.87

Tanaka, M. (2017). Examining EFL vocabulary learning motivation in a demotivating learning environment. System, 65, 130-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2017.01.010

Tentama, F. Subardjo, S., & Abdillah, M. H. (2019). Motivation to Learn and Social Support Determine Employability among Vocational High School Students. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 8(2), 237-242. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v8i2.18188

Tseng, H., & Walsh Jr, E. J. (2016). Blended versus Traditional Course Delivery: Comparing Students' Motivation, Learning Outcomes, and Preferences. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 17(1), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Ullah, M. I., Sagheer, A., Sattar, T., & Khan, S. (2013). Factors Influencing Students Motivation to Learn in Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan). International Journal of Human Resource Studies, 3(2), 90. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijhrs.v3i2.4135

Umaru, Y., Abdullahi, M. I., Oliagba, O., Sambo, S., & Abdulwahid, U. (2014). The effect of cognitive restructuring intervention on tobacco smoking among adolescents in senior secondary school in Zaria Kaduna State, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 10(5). Retrieved from Google Scholar

Wenzel, A., Dobson, K. S., & Hays, P. A. (2016). Cognitive behavioral therapy techniques and strategies. American Psychological Association. Retrieved from Google Scholar

Yu, F. Y., Wu, W. S., & Huang, H. C. (2018). Promoting Middle School Students’ Learning Motivation and Academic Emotions via Student-Created Feedback for Online Student-Created Multiple-Choice Questions. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 27(5), 395-408. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-018-0398-x

Zulfa, I. (2018). Efektivitas Konseling Kelompok Teknik Modeling Terhadap Efikasi diri Akademik dan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Kelas VIII di MTs Maarif Dlingo Bantul. (Master’s Thesis, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta). Retrieved from Google Scholar

Published
2020-07-01
How to Cite
Astuti, L., & Wangid, M. (2020). The Effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring Techniques in Improving Students Learning Motivation. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 3(2), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.25217/igcj.v3i2.658