IQ Intelligence Level Analysis of Prospective Elementary School Students as a Condition for Readiness to Learn at School


  • Sugiarto Universitas Ma'arif Lampung, Indonesia



Elementary Students, IQ Intelligence, Learn at School


This study aims to analyze the level of IQ intelligence of prospective elementary school students as readiness to enter elementary school. The entry of primary education is regulated by the government through the education and culture office, with one of the references that prospective elementary school students, in addition to age, must also have cognitive, social and emotional intelligence maturity. According to the Permendikbud, the minimum age for primary school entry is 6-7 years old. However, students under 6 years old who want to enter primary school must take a psychological test or get a recommendation from a psychologist. The method used was descriptive with data collection techniques using the DAP IQ intelligence test. The research sample consisted of 60 prospective primary school students who would enter grade one at SDNU. The results showed that the average IQ score of prospective elementary school students was 101. The analysis results show 87% 52 of prospective elementary school students have an average IQ intelligence level, 10% 6 students an IQ intelligence level above average, and 3% 2 students an IQ intelligence level below average. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that most prospective NU elementary school students have normal and above average IQ intelligence levels, so they are ready to follow the learning process at SDNU.


Adler, K., Salanterä, S., & Zumstein-Shaha, M. (2019). Focus Group Interviews in Child, Youth, and Parent Research: An Integrative Literature Review. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 18.

Arini, S. D., Mudjito, M., & Hariyati, N. (2021). Curriculum Integration: Optimizing Multiple Intelligence of Children. JMKSP (Jurnal Manajemen, Kepemimpinan, Dan Supervisi Pendidikan), 6(2), 259–277.

Avnet, M., Makara, D., Larwin, K. H., & Erickson, M. (2019). The Impact of Parental Involvement and Education on Academic Achievement in Elementary School. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 8(3), 476–483.

Bryce, C. I., Bradley, R. H., Abry, T., Swanson, J., & Thompson, M. S. (2018). Parents’ and Teachers’ Academic Influences, Behavioral Engagement, and First- and Fifth-Grade Achievement. School Psychology Quarterly.

Bureekhampun, S., Techakarnjanakij, K., & Supavarasuwat, P. (2021). Thai Seven Year Old Early Learner Creativity Design and Study Activities Promotion. International Journal of Instruction, 14(4), 337–356.

Ferdian Utama, E. P. (2020). Parental dalam Pendidikan Islam. AL-MURABBI: Jurnal Studi Kependidikan Dan Keislaman, 7(1), 28–43.

Ferdian Utama, S. (2017). Keteladanan Orang Tua dan Guru Dalam Pertumbuhan Dan Perkembangan Anak Usia Dini (Perspektif Abdullah Nashih Ulwan Kajian Kitab Tarbiyyah Al-Aulad Fi Al-Islam). Elementary, 3(2), 107–119.

García-Hermoso, A., Hormazábal-Aguayo, I., Fernández-Vergara, O., González-Calderón, N., Russell-Guzmán, J., Vicencio-Rojas, F., … Ramírez-Vélez, R. (2020). A before-school physical activity intervention to improve cognitive parameters in children: The Active-Start study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 30(1), 108–116.

Gregory, T., Dal Grande, E., Brushe, M., Engelhardt, D., Luddy, S., Guhn, M., … Brinkman, S. (2021). Associations between School Readiness and Student Wellbeing: A Six-Year Follow Up Study. Child Indicators Research, 14(1), 369–390.

Ilham Kamaruddin, Achmad Abdul Azis, Mohammad Syahru Assabana, Arif ismunandar, & Duwi Meilina. (2022). Improving Early Childhood Fine Motor Development Through Weaving Activities. Journal of Childhood Development, 2(1), 71–79.

Ilin, E., Shampine, S., & Terry, E. (2022). Does Access to Free Pre-Kindergarten Increase Maternal Labor Supply? Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Working Papers, 2022(3).

Kamaruddin, I., Waroka, L. A., Palyanti, M., Indriyani, L. T., Priakusuma, A., & Utama, F. (2023). The Influence of Parenting Patterns on Learning Motivation of High School Students. Attractive : Innovative Education Journal, 5(2), 171–179.

Kebudayaan, K. P. dan. (2013). Standar Tingkat Pencapaian Perkembangan Anak (STPPA) PAUD Kurikulum 2013, Permendikbud No. 137 Tahun 2014 Tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jakarta.

Kokkalia, G., Drigas, A., Economou, A., & Roussos, P. (2019). School readiness from kindergarten to primary school. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 14(11), 4–18.

Kovacs, K., & Conway, A. R. A. (2019). A Unified Cognitive/Differential Approach to Human Intelligence: Implications for IQ Testing. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 8(3), 255–272.

Moleka, P. (2021). Is Spiritual Intelligence (SQ) or Spiritual Quotient an Intelligence? Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences Analyzed.

Muhammad Yusuf. (2022). Learning Management and Learning Media Based on Local Wisdom at RA Ma’arif Inclusion Metro. Journal of Childhood Development, 2(2), 122–129.

Pan, Z., López, M. F., Li, C., & Liu, M. (2021). Introducing augmented reality in early childhood literacy learning. Research in Learning Technology, 29, 1–21.

Ramdhani, F. G., & Dea, L. F. (2021). Cognitive Development (Symbolic Thinking) of Early Childhood Through the Innovation of Bowling Media. Journal of Childhood Development, 1(2), 102–115.

Rochanah, L. (2021). Initiating a Meaningful Assessment of Early Childhood Development during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Journal of Childhood Development, 1(2), 78–87.

Tamana, S. K., Ezeugwu, V., Chikuma, J., Lefebvre, D. L., Azad, M. B., Moraes, T. J., … Mandhane, P. J. (2019). Screen-time is associated with inattention problems in preschoolers: Results from the CHILD birth cohort study. PLOS ONE, 14(4), e0213995.

Utama, F. (2018). ESQ Way 165: Alternatif Metode Pengembangan Kecerdasan Emosi dan Spiritual Anak. Journal of Early Childhood Care and Education , 1(1), 7–12.

Vaiopoulou, J., Papadakis, S., Sifaki, E., Kalogiannakis, M., & Stamovlasis, D. (2023). Classification and evaluation of educational apps for early childhood: Security matters. In Education and Information Technologies (Vol. 28). Springer US.

Zajda, J. (2019). Current research of theories and models of intelligence. Curriculum and Teaching, 34(1), 87–108.




How to Cite

Sugiarto. (2023). IQ Intelligence Level Analysis of Prospective Elementary School Students as a Condition for Readiness to Learn at School. Journal of Childhood Development, 3(2), 98–108.