Improving Self-Concept through Effective Interpersonal Communication


  • Fauzan Habibi Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Nurfarhanah Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Netrawati Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia
  • Dina Sukma Universitas Negeri Padang, Indonesia



Self-Concept, Interpersonal Communication, Improving Self-Concept


This research is influenced by a phenomenon that has occurred at State of Junior High School 27 Padang, namely low student interpersonal communication. Self-concept is one of the factors that influence students' interpersonal communication. This study aims to analyse the relationship between self-concept and interpersonal communication, the research method used is quantitative. This type of research is descriptive correlative. The population in this study was 364 student and the sample of this study was 190 student. The research instrument was a questionnaire raised with Likert scale measurement, the data analysed with descriptive correlation statistics with the help of SPSS version 25.00. The results show that students' self-concept is in the high category, which means that students already have a good self-image of themselves. Interpersonal communication is in the high category, indicating that students already have the ability to communicate effectively with others. There is a positive and significant increase between students' self-concept and interpersonal communication. This means that high and low interpersonal communication can be explained from self-concept, then interpersonal communication will be higher. The results of research data analysis obtained R = 0.213 with the degree of p = 0.003 (p < 0.005), R2 = 0.18.3%. This study proves that there is a positive and significant increase in self-concept and interpersonal communication of junior high school student.

Keywords: Self-Concept, Interpersonal Communication, Improving Self-Concept


Adiningtiyas, S. W., & Wait, M. F. (2018). The relationship between self-concept and student learning achievement. KOPASTA Journal of the Counseling Guidance Study Program, 5(1).

Amalia, L., & Riaeni, I. (2022). Analysis of Interpersonal Communication in the Formation of Self-Concepts of the Covid-19 Cross. IQTIDA: Journal of Da’wah and Communication, 2(01), 54–62.

Aprilia, R., Afni, N., Madihah, H., Susanto, D., Kalimantan, U. I., Banjarmasin, M., Program, /, Guidance, S., & Counseling, D. (2017). Enhancing interpersonal communication capabilities through assertive training techniques. BK An-Nur Students' Diary: Different, Meaningful, High, 3(3), 13–17.

Asmarani, Z. (2020). Relationship of Self Concepts with Interpersonal Communication in Teenagers Social Media Users in Sman 1 Bankinang City. Sultan State Islamic University Syarif Kasim Riau. URI:

Astarini, D., Nirwana, H., & Ahmad, R. (2016). The relationship between social self-conceptions, student perceptions of parental social support, and peer friends with student interpersonal communication and their implications for mentoring and counselling services. Counselor, 5(4). DOI:

Aziz, J. A. (2019). Teacher Interpersonal Communication and Student Learning Interests. IQ (Science of the Qur'an). Journal of Islamic Education, 2(02), 149–165. DOI:

Azwar. (2012). Psychological scale compilation. Student library.

Azwar. (2015). Research methods. Student library.

Bijen Filiz (2020). Relationship between Effective Communication Skills and Verbal Intelligence Level of School Students of Sports Sciences. International Journal of Educational Methodology, 6, 603–612. DOI:

Daryanti, W. (2020). Relationship Between Intensity of Social Media Use and Interpersonal Communication in Teenagers 7 Purworejo State. Mercu Buana Yogyakarta University.

DeVito. (2011). Inter-human communication (Lyndon Saputra (ed.); 5th ed.). CHARISMA Publishing Group.

Dockrell, J., Lindsay, G., Roulstone, S., & Law, J. (2014). Supporting children with speech, language and communication needs: an overview of the results of the Better Communication Research Programme. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 49(5), 543–557. DOI:

Enjang, A. S. (2023). Communication Counselling: Interviews, the art of listening to personality issues. Nuances of scholarship.

Erlita, S. (2020). Interpersonal communication relationships and motivation are affiliated with XI SMU class prosocial intensity. RAP journal. Journal of RAP (Actual Psychological Research of State Padang University), 11(1), 65–79. DOI:

Fatimah, T., & Amin, A. (2022). Self Concepts and Interpersonal Communication in High School Students. Academic Journal of Psychology and Counseling, 3(1), 53–72. DOI:

Fauzi & Hasanuddin. (2019). Relationship Between Educational Patterns and Emotional Intelligence with Interpersonal Communication in Madrasah Aliyah State Students (MAN Binjai). In Proceeding ICOPOID 2019 The 2nd International Conference on Politic of Islamic Development, 1(1), 53–63.

Hafizah, H., & Ambiyar, A. (2021). Self-concepts and self-confidence with learning outcomes Simulation Communication and Digital Students. Scientific Journal of Education and Learning, 5(1), 49-55. DOI:

Handayani, S., Yusmansyah, Y., & Mayasari, S. (2019). Relationship between self-concept and interpersonal communication in students. Alibkin (Journal of Counseling Guidance), 7(3).

Hariko. (2017). Philosophical Track of Communication Skills Counselling. Study of Counseling and Counselling, 2(2), 41–49. DOI:

Hidayah et al. (2018). The Contribution of Emotional Intelligence to Interpersonal Communication in Mathematical Learning. PYTHAGORAS: Journal of Mathematical Education Studies Program, 7(1), 28–34. DOI:

Hikami, A., & Princess, R. D. (2021). The relationship between self-concept and interpersonal communication skills. Islamic Counseling and Society Guidelines, 5(2), 56–61.

Irawan, S. (2017). The influence of self-concept on student interpersonal communication. Scholaria: Journal of Education and Culture, 7(1), 39-48. DOI:

James F. Calhoun. (1990). Psychology of Adaptation and Human Relationship (3rd ed.). McGraw Hill.

Juliansyah, M. A., & Ancient, V. (2020). Meaning and reason behind parents give gadget facilities to early childhood. Journalism, Public Relations and Media Communication Studies Journal (JPRMEDCOM), 2(2), 20–34. DOI:

Karjuniwati, K., Ananda, L., & Julianto, J. (2021). Self-conceptions and interpersonal communication at SMAN X High School. Seurune: Journal of Unsyiah Psychology, 4(1), 101–114. DOI:

Kurniawan, M. R., Arif, E., & Asmawi, A. (2021). The relationship between self-concept, confidence and interpersonal communication skills in the learning process in students. Journal of Education, Humanities and Social Sciences (JEHSS), 4(1), 485–493. DOI:

Kurniawan, D. (2018). Laswell's communication model and stimulus-organism-response in creating enjoyable learning. Journal of Educational Communications, 2(1), 60–68. DOI:

Lestari & Mayasari. (2019). Self-confidence relationships with interpersonal communication of high school students. ALIBKIN (Journal of Counseling Guidance), 7(5), 2.

Loi, E. J. (2018). Impact of Parents' Interpersonal Communication on Children to Improve the Learning Performance of V-Class Students in the State. 075-075 Hilifalago Onolalu district of Nias South. Communication Lens Journal, 2(2), 63–69. Vol. 2 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Lensa Mutiara Komunikasi

MA'ARIF. (2019). The impact of emotional intelligence and self-conceptions on self-reliance in achieving SMEs.

Maftukha, A. (2017). Influence of assertive behavior on interpersonal communication of students of the 11th grade of the state 1 mojo district in the 2016/2017 academic year. Journal of the University of Nusantara PGRI Kediri, 1–6.

Marsela & Supriatna. (2019). Self-concept: Definitions and factors. Journal ofInnovative Counseling: Theory, Practice, and Research, 3(2), 65–69.

Matin, H. Z., Jandaghi, G., Karimi, F. H., & Hamidizadeh, A. (2010). Relationship between interpersonal communication skills and organizational commitment (Case Study: Jahad Keshavarzi and University of Qom, Iran). European Journal of Social Sciences, 13(3), 387–398.

Minarsi, M., Nirwana, H., & Thank you, Y. (2017). The motivational contribution of problem solving and interpersonal communication to the problem-solving strategy of high school students. JPPI (Journal of Education Research Indonesia. 3(2), 1–14. DOI:

Muri A Yusuf. (2013). Qualitative, Quantitative and Combined Research Methods. Renika Cipta.

Muslim, M. (2019). Relationship of Self-Concept with Interpersonal Communication Students of Grade VIII in State Smp 21 City of Jambi. Jambi University.

Novia. (2022). The impact of interpersonal communication abilities, self-confidence and emotional vigor in the eyes of learning economics (Survei pada peserta didik kelas XI IPS Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri Tahun Pelajaran 2021-2022). Siliwangi.

Nurhadi, A., & Niswah, F. (2019). Application of interpersonal communication of educators in achieving the learning achievement of students in the MTs Nahdliyatul Islamiyah Blumbungan Prohibition Enhancement. AL-FIKRAH: Journal of Educational and Islamic Studies, 2(1), 1–20.

Panuju, R. (2018). Introduction Studies (Science) Communication: Communication as a Communication Activity as a Science. Kencana Prenada Group.

Pribadi, E. A., & Erdiansyah, R. (2019). The influence of self-confidence and self-esteem on adolescent interpersonal communication skills in Jakarta. Connection, 3(2), 453–462. DOI:

Putra, B. J., & Jamal, J. (2020). Student Interpersonal Communication Skills Profile. Journal of Teacher Studies and Learning, 3(3), 399-407.

Rahman. (2013). Social psychology (1st ed.). King Grafindo Persada.

Rahmi, A., N. & N. (2023). The Role of Group Consultants Based on Transactional Analysis Approaches in Helping Interpersonal Communication. Guidance and Counselling Journal, 8(1), 106–114.

Rakhmat. (2005). Communication Psychology (10th ed.). The Teens of Rosda Karya.

Rasimin et al. (2021). Effectiveness of Group-based Problem Based Learning Counselling Services to Improve Student Interpersonal Communication. Journal of Educational Sciences, 3(2), 316. DOI:

Saepuloh, A. (2019). The effectiveness of group guidance as an attempt to develop positive self-conceptions of students. Tsaqafatuna: Journal of Islamic Education, 10(2), 213–222.

Sari & Amran. (2020). Application of Cooperative Learning Jigsaw Types to Student Self-Efficacy. Journal of Education and Counseling, 10(2), 213–222. DOI:

Sofwan, R. I. M., & DS, T. N. E. (2016). The relationship between self-concept and effective interpersonal communication between mother and child. Journal of Perspective Psychology, 1 (2),84–92. DOI:

Solomon & Theiss. (2013). Interpersonal communication, putting theory into practice. Taylor & Francis. DOI:

Sugiyono. (2011). Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Research Methods. Alphabet.

Sugiyono. (2014). Quantitative, Qualitative, and R&D Research Methods. Alphabet.

Wendari, W. N. (2016). Profile of problems of state high school students (SMP) in the city of Bogor. Jakarta State University. DOI:

Widya, K. (2019). Relationship between self-concept and adolescent interpersonal communication skills and their implications in guidance and counselling. Bicotetic Journal (Counselling and Counselling: Theory and Practice), 3(2), 50–56. DOI:

Yohana, C. (2014). Relationship between self-concept and interpersonal communication in students of business education of the Faculty of Economics of the State University of Jakarta. Economics Scientific Journal, 12(1), 1–13.

Yuliani, P. D. (2017). (2017). Relationship of Self-Concept and Social Intelligence with Indonesian Speaking Skills Diponegoro 1 Jakarta High School Students. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Review, 2(1), 92–102. DOI:

Zikra, & N. M. (2012). The relationship between communication skills and student learning activities. Counselor, 1(1), 1–9. DOI:

Zulkarnain, I., Si, M., & Asmara, S. (2020). Shaping Self-Concepts Through Turs Culture. Review of Communication Psychology. Puspantara.




How to Cite

Fauzan Habibi, Nurfarhanah, Netrawati, & Dina Sukma. (2023). Improving Self-Concept through Effective Interpersonal Communication. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 8(2), 1–16.