• Abubakar Aji Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
  • Miftahu Gambo Idris Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria
Keywords: COVID-19, Northern Nigeria, Precautions, Public Conceptions


It is indeed mind-boggling for a virus as tiny as 120 nm to turn the whole world upside down. The Novel CoronaVirus (COVID-19) has shut down almost all the schools, industries, ministries, markets, shops and economic activities. Religious gathering, wedding ceremonies and any kind of congregation were banned. One has not exaggerated if one said the world is in the total lockdown. COVID-19 became an international threat that challenged humanity for almost half a year as of now. Even though activities are slowly restoring into normality, its impacts will last for long. Therefore any research related to the novel Coronavirus is highly welcome. The goal of this study was to assess the public conceptions, precautions and the spread of COVID-19 in the Northern part of Nigeria. The anonymous online survey was instrumented for just three days; from 2nd to 4th June 2020 to collect data. 140 respondents from 16 Northern states of Nigeria filled the questionnaire. 84.3%, 15.0% and 0.7% were males, females and prefer not to say respectively. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentage, tables and charts. From the analysis, it was found that 63.0% believed that COVID-19 is real, while 36.2% are still doubting about it. 64.3% believe in the reality of the COVID-19 from the first incident, While 15.7% did not accept the issue in the first place. As for the precautions, 77.9% were taking precautions such as using the face mark, no handshake and social distancing. 12.1% were not consistent on the precautions while 10.0% were not taking the preventive measures at all. 55.7% said the incident is increasing in their state while 35.0% said it is not increasing. Out of the 140 respondents, 25.7% have known the victim of COVID-19 while 72.1% have not yet known any victim. Based on this analysis, disbelieved in the existence of the COVD-19 in the first place, lack of taking preventive measures and the hidden behaviour of the disease were some of the reasons for the spread of the virus in the northern part of Nigeria. Hence the need for further awareness and the expansion of the COVID 19 test were some of the recommendations made.