SOCIAL INTEGRATION OF MULTI-ETHNIC AND RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN THE VILLAGE OF RAMA AGUNG DISTRICT OF ARGAMAKMUR NORTH BENGKULU

  • Permadi Yahya Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia
  • Maria Montessori Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, Indonesia
Keywords: Social Integration, Multi Ethnicity, Religion

Abstract

          Indonesian society is a pluralistic society, it is characterized by differences in religion, ethnicity, customs, and culture. The diversity of this nation certainly has a value system that is adopted and implemented by the community. Conflicts that occur in a group of people because of the disharmony between communities. Therefore we need social integration that together performs roles following their respective functions. This article aims to analyze the patterns of social integration of multi-ethnic and religious communities in Rama Agung Village, Argamakmur City District, North Bengkulu. This research is qualitative research with case study type, taking the subject using a purposive sampling method. Data analysis techniques used using the Miles and Huberman model, namely data reduction, data display and conclusion drawing, and verification. The findings of this study indicate that the pattern of social integration of multi-ethnic and religious communities in the village of Rama Agung has its uniqueness. Communities unite and form a pattern of reciprocal relations between ethnic and religion based on the values ​​applied in the life of Unity in Diversity. The community upholds a noble culture that continues to be applied and maintained. The values ​​that are built and synergize in society are harmony, unity, justice, kinship, solidarity.

References

Abdul, Moh Hasan. “Merajut Kerukunan Dalam Keragaman Agama Di Indonesia ( Perspektif Nilai-Nilai Al-Quran )” 14, no. 1 (2013): 66–77.

Ahmad, Haidlor Ali. “Resolusi Konflik Keagamaan di Aceh Singkil dalam Perspektif Budaya Dominan.” Puslitbang KehidupanKeagamaan Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI 15, no. 3 (2016): 45–59.

Ariestha, Bethra. “Akar Konflik Kerusuhan Antar Etnik Di Lampung Selatan.” Jsip, 2012.

Arikunto, S. Prosedur Penelitian: Suatu Pendekan Praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2010.

Bakar, Abu. “Konsep Toleransi Dan Kebebasan Beragama.” Toleransi, 2015. https://doi.org/10.24014/trs.v7i2.1426.

Basri, Yesi Mutia, dan Raja Adri Satriawan Surya. “Pengaruh Keadilan, Norma Ekspektasi, Sanksi Dan Religiusitas Terhadap Niat Dan Ketidak Patuhan Pajak.” Akuntabilitas, 2016. https://doi.org/10.15408/akt.v7i3.2733.

Bazzi, Samuel, Arya Gaduh, Alexander Rothenberg, dan Maisy Wong. “Unity in Diversity? Ethnicity, Migration, and Nation Building in Indonesia.” Working Paper, 2017.

Beyrer, Chris, dan Adeeba Kamarulzaman. “Ethnic cleansing in Myanmar: the Rohingya crisis and human rights.” The Lancet, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32519-9.

Charles Brummer, E., Wesley T. Barber, Sarah M. Collier, Thomas S. Cox, Randy Johnson, Seth C. Murray, Richard T. Olsen, Richard C. Pratt, dan Ann Marie Thro. “Plant breeding for harmony between agriculture and the environment.” Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1890/100225.

Clingingsmith, David, Asim Ijaz Khwaja, dan Michael Kremer. “Estimating the impact of the Hajj: Religion and tolerance in Islam’s global gathering.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2009.124.3.1133.

Fidiyani, Rini. “Kerukunan Umat Beragama Di Indonesia ( Belajar Keharomonisan dan Toleransi Umat Beragama Di Desa” 3, no. 2 (2006): 468–82.

Henrich, Joseph, Jean Ensminger, Richard McElreath, Abigail Barr, Clark Barrett, Alexander Bolyanatz, Juan Camilo Cardenas, et al. “Markets, religion, community size, and the evolution of fairness and punishment.” Science, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1182238.

Ibrahim, Ruslan. “Pendidikan Multikultural: Upaya Meminimalisir Konflik dalam Era Pluralitas Agama.” el-Tarbawi, 2008. https://doi.org/10.20885/tarbawi.vol1.iss1.art9.

Juniansyah, Sandi. Interaksi masyarakat yang berbeda etnis di kecamatan masama, skripsi Universitas Negeri Gorontalo (2015).

Mangundjaya, Wustari L. H. “Is There Cultural Change in the National Cultures of Indonesia?” Steering the Cultural Dynamics, 2013.

Mavridis, Dimitris. “Ethnic Diversity and Social Capital in Indonesia.” World Development, 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.10.028.

Miles, Matthew B. &, dan A. Michael Huberman. Analisis Data Kualitatif. Diedit oleh Tjetjep Rohendi Rohidi. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press, 1992.

Prasse-Freeman, Elliott. “The Rohingya crisis.” Anthropology Today, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8322.12389.

Ratnawati, Duma Melva, M Surya Husada, dan Bahagia Loebis. “Relationship of Burden with Characteristic Sociodemographic Caregiver in Schizophrenic patients.” Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2014.

Riany, Yulina Eva, Pamela Meredith, dan Monica Cuskelly. “Understanding the Influence of Traditional Cultural Values on Indonesian Parenting.” Marriage and Family Review, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1080/01494929.2016.1157561.

Rudiansyah, Didit. “Dimensi Sosio-Politik Konflik Ambon.” Jurnal Sosiologi Reflektif 10, no. 1 (2017): 161–74. https://doi.org/10.14421/jsr.v10i1.1143.

Ruslikan. “Konflik Dayak-Madura di Kalimantan Tengah: Melacak Akar Masalah dan Tawaran Solusi.” Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, 2001.

Rusydi, Ibnu, Fakultas Agama, Islam Universitas, Siti Zolehah, Fakultas Agama, dan Islam Universitas. “Makna kerukunan antar umat beragama dalam konteks keislaman dan keindonesian” 1, no. 1 (2018): 170–81. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1161580.

Setiawati, Tia, Budi Irawan, dan Nisa Hurin. “Hubungan Kekerabatan Ipomoea trifida (H.B.K.) G. Don Asal Citatah Jawa Barat berdasarkan Karakter Morfologi Polen.” Jurnal ISTEK, 2015.

Setiono, Lintang, Marjohan Marjohan, dan Marlina Marlina. “Implementation of Solutions-Focused Counseling (SFC) to Improve Student Motivation: A Single Subject Research.” Journal of ICSAR 3, no. 1 (2019).

Sikwan, Agus. “Dinamika Interaksi Antaretnik Dalam Mewujudkan Keserasian Sosial Di Wilayah Perbatasan Negara Indonesia - Malaysia” 10 (2017).

Siregar, Christian. “Pancasila, Keadilan Sosial, dan Persatuan Indonesia.” Humaniora, 2014. https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v5i1.2988.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Pendidikan Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif Dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2014.

Suharto, Suharto. “Komunikasi Dakwah: Interaksi Dan Integrasi Media Sosial.” Al-Mishbah | Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 2017. https://doi.org/10.24239/al-mishbah.vol9.iss1.22.

Sukardi, -. “Penanganan Konflik Sosial Dengan Pendekatan Keadilan Restoratif.” Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, 2016. https://doi.org/10.21143/jhp.vol46.no1.49.

Supriatin, Atin, dan Aida Rahmi Nasution. “Implementasi Pendidikan Multikultural Dalam Praktik Pendidikan Di Indonesia.” Elementary: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar, 2017. https://doi.org/10.32332/elementary.v3i1.785.

Syafwan Rozi. “Etnis Minangkabau Di Daerah Perbatasan Perubahan Identitas dalam Interaksi Antaretnis di Rao Kabupaten Pasaman Sumatera Barat” 39, no. 1 (2013): 215–45.

Upton, Stuart. “Demography of Indonesia’s ethnicity.” Asian Studies Review, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1080/10357823.2016.1202173.

Utomo, Prio, Adi Atmoko, dan Imanuel Hitipeuw. “Peningkatan Motivasi Berprestasi Siswa SMA melalui Cognitive Behavior Counseling Teknik.” jurnal Pendidikan 3, no. 4 (2018): 416–23.

Wikipedia. Serangan Aceh Singkil 2015 (2015).

Yusuf, A. M. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan Penelitian Gabungan. Padang: UNP Press, 2013.

Published
2019-12-07