The Role of Daily Spiritual Experiences on Moslem Students’ Friendship Mediated by Religious Coping in Wellness Paradigm

Authors

  • Alif Muarifah Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
  • Rohmatus Naini Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
  • Hardi Prasetiawan Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
  • Erlin Fitria Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Tsabitah Rizqi Atikasari Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia
  • Tasya Amin Zakiyah Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25217/0020247431500

Keywords:

daily spiritual experiences, religious coping, students’ friendship

Abstract

This research describes the wellness paradigm. Holistic health in wellness means health in many areas, including physical, psychological, social and spiritual health. The wheel of wellness is a holistic health picture of the wellness paradigm, with 17 supporting components, the core being spirituality or religiosity. This study focuses on adolescents who have unique period development such as in social development. This research analyzes daily spiritual experiences related to students' friendships mediated by religious coping. This quantitative research involved 246 Muslim high school students aged 14-18 years and in grades 10 to 12. There are three scales with valid and reliable instruments such as 1) the friendship scale 2) the religious coping scale and 3) the spiritual experience scale. Hypothesis testing found that spiritual experience and religious coping had a low contribution but a significant in affecting friendship, it means that spiritual experiences and religious coping influence friendship patterns. Interestingly, spiritual experience plays a significant role and contributes highly to affect religious coping. The contribution of spiritual experience to friendship increases when mediated by religious coping. This shows that religious coping has a partial mediating role in the relationship between spiritual experience and friendship.

References

Abdel-Khalek, A. M., & Lester, D. (2017). The association between religiosity, generalized self-efficacy, mental health, and happiness in Arab college students. Personality and Individual Differences, 109, 12–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.12.010

Ano, G. G., & Vasconcelles, E. B. (2005). Religious coping and psychological adjustment to stress: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61(4), 461–480. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20049

Aydin, N., Fischer, P., & Frey, D. (2010). Turning to God in the Face of Ostracism: Effects of Social Exclusion on Religiousness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(6), 742–753. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167210367491

Barry, C. M., & Wentzel, K. R. (2006). Friend influence on prosocial behavior: The role of motivational factors and friendship characteristics. Developmental Psychology, 42(1), 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.42.1.153

Carter, R. R., Johnson, S. M., Exline, J. J., Post, S. G., & Pagano, M. E. (2012). Addiction and “Generation Me”: Narcissistic and Prosocial Behaviors of Adolescents with Substance Dependency Disorder in Comparison to Normative Adolescents. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 30(2), 163–178. https://doi.org/10.1080/07347324.2012.663286

Cheadle, J. E., & Schwadel, P. (2012). The ‘friendship dynamics of religion,’ or the ‘religious dynamics of friendship’? A social network analysis of adolescents who attend small schools. Social Science Research, 41(5), 1198–1212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2012.03.014

Clarke, P. B., Lewis, T. F., Myers, J. E., Henson, R. A., & Hill, B. (2020). Wellness, Emotion Regulation, and Relapse During Substance Use Disorder Treatment. Journal of Counseling & Development, 98(1), 17–28. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcad.12296

Dancey, C. P., & Reidy, J. (2007). Statistics without maths for psychology. New York: Pearson education

Doğan, B. G., Laçin, E., & Tutal, N. (2015). Predicatives of the Workers’ Burnout Level: Life Satisfaction and Social Support. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 1801–1806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.705

Einolf, C. J. (2013). Daily Spiritual Experiences and Prosocial Behavior. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 71–87. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-011-9917-3

Epley, J. L. (2015). Weber’s Theory of Charismatic Leadership: The Case of Muslim Leaders in Contemporary Indonesian Politics. In International Journal of Humanities and Social Science (Vol. 5, Issue 7). www.ijhssnet.com

Fowers, B. (2015). The evolution of ethics: Human sociality and the emergence of ethical mindedness. Springer.

George, L. S., & Park, C. L. (2013). Are meaning and purpose distinct? An examination of correlates and predictors. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 8(5), 365–375. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2013.805801

Gleason, B. K., & Hays, D. G. (2019). A Phenomenological Investigation of Wellness Within Counselor Education Programs. Counselor Education and Supervision, 58(3), 177–194. https://doi.org/10.1002/ceas.12149

Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2006). The Role of Spirituality Versus Religiosity in Adolescent Psychosocial Adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(1), 39–53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-005-9018-1

Hardy, S. A., & King, P. E. (2019). Processes of Religious and Spiritual Influence in Adolescence: Introduction to a Special Section. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 29(2), 244–253. https://doi.org/10.1111/jora.12509

Holt-Lunstad, J., Smith, T. B., & Layton, J. B. (2010). Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-analytic Review. PLoS Medicine, 7(7), e1000316. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000316

Jeserich, F., Klein, C., Brinkhaus, B., & Teut, M. (2023). Sense of coherence and religion/spirituality: A systematic review and meta-analysis based on a methodical classification of instruments measuring religion/spirituality. PLOS ONE, 18(8), e0289203. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0289203

Kimura, M., Oliveira, A. L. de, Mishima, L. S., & Underwood, L. G. (2012). Adaptação cultural e validação da Underwood’s Daily Spiritual Experience Scale - versão brasileira. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem Da USP, 46(spe), 99–106. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0080-62342012000700015

Koenig, H. G. (2012). Religion, Spirituality, and Health: The Research and Clinical Implications. ISRN Psychiatry, 2012, 1–33. https://doi.org/10.5402/2012/278730

Konaszewski, K., Niesiobędzka, M., & Surzykiewicz, J. (2020). Validation of the Polish version of the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS). PLOS ONE, 15(8), e0237038. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237038

Leszczensky, L., & Pink, S. (2016). Intra- and Inter-group Friendship Choices of Christian, Muslim, and Non-religious Youth in Germany. European Sociological Review, jcw049. https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcw049

Malinakova, K., Kopcakova, J., Madarasova Geckova, A., van Dijk, J. P., Furstova, J., Kalman, M., Tavel, P., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2019). “I am spiritual, but not religious”: Does one without the other protect against adolescent health-risk behaviour? International Journal of Public Health, 64(1), 115–124. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1116-4

Masters, K. S. (2020). Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS). In Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine (pp. 307–308). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39903-0_1577

Mertens, E. C. A., Deković, M., Van Londen, M., & Reitz, E. (2021). The Role of Classmates’ Modeling and Reinforcement in Adolescents’ Perceived Classroom Peer Context. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 50(2), 260–270. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01325-8

Myers, J. E., & Sweeney, T. J. (2008a). Wellness Counseling: The Evidence Base for Practice. Journal of Counseling & Development, 86(4), 482–493. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00536.x

Myers, J. E., & Sweeney, T. J. (2008b). Wellness Counseling: The Evidence Base for Practice. Journal of Counseling & Development, 86(4), 482–493. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2008.tb00536.x

Myers, J. E., Sweeney, T. J., & Witmer, J. M. (2000). The Wheel of Wellness Counseling for Wellness: A Holistic Model for Treatment Planning. Journal of Counseling & Development, 78(3), 251–266. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2000.tb01906.x

Naini, R. (2015). Wellness ditinjau dari religiusitas pada mahasiswa universitas negeri Yogyakarta. Jurnal Riset Mahasiswa Bimbingan Dan Konseling4(4).

Newberry, A. G., Choi, C.-W. J., Donovan, H. S., Schulz, R., Bender, C., Given, B., & Sherwood, P. (2013). Exploring Spirituality in Family Caregivers of Patients With Primary Malignant Brain Tumors Across the Disease Trajectory. Oncology Nursing Forum, 40(3), E119–E125. https://doi.org/10.1188/13.ONF.E119-E125

Oliver, M. D., Baldwin, D. R., & Datta, S. (2018). Health to Wellness: A Review of Wellness Models and Transitioning Back to Health. The International Journal of Health, Wellness, and Society, 9(1), 41–56. https://doi.org/10.18848/2156-8960/CGP/v09i01/41-56

Pargament, K., Feuille, M., & Burdzy, D. (2011). The Brief RCOPE: Current Psychometric Status of a Short Measure of Religious Coping. Religions, 2(1), 51–76. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel2010051

Pica-Smith, C., & Poynton, T. A. (2014). Supporting Interethnic and Interracial Friendships among Youth to Reduce Prejudice and Racism in Schools: The Role of the School Counselor. Professional School Counseling, 18(1), 2156759X0001800. https://doi.org/10.1177/2156759X0001800115

Rahayu, H., & Yona, S. (2019). The Relationship Between Social Support, Spirituality With Stress Towards The Burden Of Family Caregivers Of Cancer Patients: A Literature Review. International Journal of Nursing and Health Services (IJNHS), 2(3), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.35654/ijnhs.v2i3.89

Rosmarin, D. H., & Leidl, B. (2020). Spirituality, religion, and anxiety disorders. In Handbook of Spirituality, Religion, and Mental Health (pp. 41–60). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-816766-3.00003-3

Shannonhouse, L. R., Myers, J. E., & Sweeney, T. J. (2018). Counseling for Wellness. In The Professional Counselor’s Desk Reference. Springer Publishing Company. https://doi.org/10.1891/9780826171825.0093

Snellings, J. E. (2021). The Handbook of Wellness Medicine. Family Medicine, 53(8), 726–726. https://doi.org/10.22454/FamMed.2021.204951

Soffa, N., & Nisa, Y. (2020, April 2). Are Gratitude and Religious Coping have impact for Psychological Well Being from Diabetes Mellitus Patients? https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.18-9-2019.2293477

Surzykiewicz, J., Skalski, S. B., Niesiobędzka, M., & Konaszewski, K. (2022). Exploring the mediating effects of negative and positive religious coping between resilience and mental well-being. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2022.954382

Sweeney, T. (2004). The Indivisible Self: An Evidence-Based Model of Wellness. In Article in Journal of Individual Psychology. http://www.utexas.edu/utpress/

Taylor, E. J., Petersen, C., Oyedele, O., & Haase, J. (2015). Spirituality and Spiritual Care of Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 31(3), 227–241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soncn.2015.06.002

Ulfiah, U., Andika Nur Farida, A., & Sulasman, S. (2017). Religious Coping and Stres in Academic Context. 1049–1054. Retrieved from https://digilib.uinsgd.ac.id/15759/

Underwood, L. G. (2011). The Daily Spiritual Experience Scale: Overview and Results. Religions, 2(1), 29–50. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel2010029

Utami, M. S. (2012). Religiusitas, Koping Religius, dan Kesejahteraan Subjektif. Jurnal Psikologi, 39(1), Article 1. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.6966

van Dierendonck, D. (2004). The construct validity of Ryff’s Scales of Psychological Well-being and its extension with spiritual well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 36(3), 629–643. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00122-3

Vincent, C., Neal, S., & Iqbal, H. (2018). Friendship and Diversity: Class, Ethnicity and Social Relationships in the City. Springer International Publishing.

Downloads

Published

2024-01-06

How to Cite

Muarifah, A., Naini, R., Prasetiawan, H., Fitria, E., Atikasari, T. R., & Zakiyah, T. A. (2024). The Role of Daily Spiritual Experiences on Moslem Students’ Friendship Mediated by Religious Coping in Wellness Paradigm. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.25217/0020247431500