Self-Compassion and Forgiveness among Senior High School Students: A Correlational and Comparative Study

Keywords: forgiveness, self-compassion, students


The problem of low self-compassion and forgiveness in schools causes students to often feel stress and depression, blame themselves, and label themselves to do self-harm. The inability to accept oneself leads to the rejection of unpleasant experiences, failure, and imperfection. This study aims to examine the relationship between self-compassion and forgiveness among students at three Senior High Schools located in the City of Semarang, Indonesia. There were 178 students who were involved in this study with the age range from 14 to 17 years old. The authors used the self-compassion scale, which has 26 items by measuring six sub-aspects including self-kindness, self-judgment, common humanity, isolation, mindfulness, and over-identification. The author used 10 items of the trait forgiveness scale (TFS). The results showed that there is a positive relationship between self-compassion and forgiveness and showed no differences between self-compassion and forgiveness when viewed by gender.


Allemand, M., Steiner, M., & Hill, P. L. (2013). Effects of a forgiveness intervention for older adults. Journal of counseling psychology, 60(2), 279.

Allen, A. B., & Leary, M. R. (2010). Self‐Compassion, stress, and coping. Social and personality psychology compass, 4(2), 107-118.

Allen, A. B., Goldwasser, E. R., & Leary, M. R. (2012). Self-compassion and well-being among older adults. Self and Identity, 11(4), 428-453.

Asici, E. (2019). The Role of Forgiveness Flexibility in Predicting of Adolescents’ Well-Being. Erzincan Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(3), 17-31.

Batik, M. V., Bingöl, T. Y., Kodaz, A. F., & Hosoglu, R. (2017). Forgiveness and Subjective Happiness of University Students. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(6), 149-162. Google Scholar

Bowker, J. C., Thomas, K. K., Norman, K. E., & Spencer, S. V. (2011). Mutual best friendship involvement, best friends’ rejection sensitivity, and psychological maladaptation. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40, 545-555.

Breines, J. G., & Chen, S. (2012). Self-compassion increases self-improvement motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(9), 1133-1143.

Bugay, A., & Demir, A. (2011). Psychometric properties of the Turkish version of trait shame and guilt scale. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 45, 17-30. Google Scholar

Chung, M. S. (2016). Relation between lack of forgiveness and depression: The moderating effect of self-compassion. Psychological reports, 119(3), 573-585.

Davis, J. R., & Gold, G. J. (2011). An examination of emotional empathy, attributions of stability, and the link between perceived remorse and forgiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 50(3), 392-397.

Egan, L. A., & Todorov, N. (2009). Forgiveness as a coping strategy to allow school students to deal with the effects of being bullied: Theoretical and empirical discussion. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28(2), 198-222.

Flanagan, K. S., Hoek, K. K. V., Ranter, J. M., & Reich, H. A. (2012). The potential of forgiveness as a response for coping with negative peer experiences. Journal of Adolescence, 35(5), 1215-1223.

Kamat, V. I., Jones, W. H., & Row, K. L. (2006). Assessing forgiveness as a dimension of personality. Individual Differences Research, 4(5). Google Scholar

Krause, N., & Ellison, J. G. (2003). Forgiveness by God, forgiveness of others, and psychological well-being in late life. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42(1), 77-93.

Leary, M. R., Tate, E. B., Adams, C. E., Batts Allen, A., & Hancock, J. (2007). Self-compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: the implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of personality and social psychology, 92(5), 887. Google Scholar

Neff, K. D. (2003). The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and identity, 2(3), 223-250.

Neff, K. (2004). Self-compassion and psychological well-being. Constructivism in the human sciences, 9(2), 27. Google Scholar

Neff, K. D., & Pommier, E. (2013). The Relationship between Self-compassion and Other-focused Concern among College Undergraduates, Community Adults, and Practicing Meditators. Self and Identity, 12(2), 160–176.

Prama, G. (2013). Sadness, Happiness, Blissfulness. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Roxas, M. M., David, A. P., & Caligner, E. T. (2014). Examining the relation of compassion and forgiveness among Filipino counselors. Asian Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 3(1), 53-62. Google Scholar

Safaria, T. (2014). Forgiveness, gratitude, and happiness among college students. International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS), 3(4), 241-245.

Sakiz, H., & Sariçam, H. (2015). Self-compassion and forgiveness: The protective approach against rejection sensitivity. The International Journal of Human and Behavioral Science, 1(2), 10-21.

Weiner, E. T., & Rappaport, L. (2014). Mindfulness and focusing-oriented arts therapy with children and adolescents. Mindfulness and the arts therapies: Theory and practice, 248-261. Google Scholar

Wilkowski, B. M., Robinson, M. D., & Troop-Gordon, W. (2010). How does cognitive control reduce anger and aggression? The role of conflict monitoring and forgiveness processes. Journal of personality and social psychology, 98(5), 830.

Yip, T. H., & Tse, W. S. (2009). Relationship among dispositional forgiveness of others, interpersonal adjustment and psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 46(3), 365-368.

How to Cite
Wibowo, M., & Naini, R. (2021). Self-Compassion and Forgiveness among Senior High School Students: A Correlational and Comparative Study. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 4(1), 91-97.