Reality Group Counseling for Indonesian-Malaysian Muslim Students with Problematic Internet Use: Is it Effective? If So, How Does It Work?




group counseling, muslim students, problematic internet use, reality therapy


Problematic Internet Use (PIU) is one of the factors that influence mental health and psychosocial issues, particularly for students. However, limited research when it comes to such specificities as Muslim students. This research was designed to examine the effectiveness of reality group counseling in reducing the level of PIU on Muslim students. A quantitative approach with quasi-experiment pretest-posttest control group design was administered to examine the impact of reality group counseling on PIU. Twenty-eight Muslim students (14 junior and 14 high school students), from Indonesia and Malaysia, were participated in the study. Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale 2 (GPIUS2) was employed to measure the PIU and was analyzed using mixed ANOVA. The results showed that reality group counseling was significantly reduced the PIU level of participants in both countries. Thus, it can be concluded that reality group counseling should be implemented to treat Muslim students with a high level of PIU. The research findings and limitations are discussed.

Author Biographies

Mulawarman Mulawarman, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

He is a lecturer in the department of guidance and counseling. His research interest in the field of counseling focuses on the scope of brief counseling, problematic internet use, and school counseling as well as an interest in crisis or community counseling. Currently, he serves as Head of the Guidance and Counseling Laboratory

Ajeng Intan Nur Rahmawati, Universitas PGRI Kanjuruhan Malang, Indonesia

She is a lecturer in the Guidance and Counseling department. Her research interests focus on the scope of guidance and counseling, addiction, especially internet addiction, children's counseling, expressive writing, and educational philosophy.

Imam Ariffudin, Universitas PGRI Kanjuruhan Malang, Indonesia

He is a lecturer in the Guidance and Counseling department. His research interests focus on the scope of guidance and counseling, educational psychology, counseling media development, and internet addiction.

Mungin Eddy Wibowo, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

He is a professor of guidance and counseling. He has over 40 years of experience being a lecturer at Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia. His research interests revolve around educational psychology. Apart from being a lecturer, he currently serves as the head of the guidance and counseling doctoral study program.

Edy Purwanto, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

He is lecturer in Semarang State University. His educational background is psychology. His research interests. Apart from being a lecturer, he currently serves as the dean of the faculty of education.

Amin Al Haadi bin Shafie, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia

He has been working at Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia since 2006 until the present. He is currently the Coordinator of the Asian Centre for Research On Drug Abuse (ACREDA). He teaches Career Counseling and Group Counseling at both undergraduate and post-graduate levels. He is an active researcher and published his work in the field of drug abuse and career counseling.

Mayang Afriwilda, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

She is a graduate student, actively researching and publishing journals. Her research interests focus on the scope of guidance and counseling, online game addiction, brief counseling, and well-being


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How to Cite

Mulawarman, M., Rahmawati, A. I. N., Ariffudin, I., Wibowo, M. E., Purwanto, E., Shafie, A. A. H. bin, & Afriwilda, M. (2021). Reality Group Counseling for Indonesian-Malaysian Muslim Students with Problematic Internet Use: Is it Effective? If So, How Does It Work?. Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal, 4(2), 169–180.

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