ETIKA BISNIS DALAM PERSPEKTIF ALQURAN: MENGGALI NILAI IDEAL MORAL SEBAGAI UPAYA KONTEKSTUAL-UNIVERSAL

  • Desi Wahyuni UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA
Keywords: Business Ethics, Moral Ideal, Contextual-Universal

Abstract

           Doing business without ethics will give birth to a generation of capitalists from both micro and macroeconomic systems. Therefore, ethics in the construct of the business world becomes something urgent to be considered. The focus of this research is trying to find the conception and moral ideal values in Islamic business ethics based on the spirit of the Qur'an and Hadits and by using the theory of Maqasid ash-Shatibi Syatibi which is based on two things namely ta'lil (legal determination based on illat), and al-mashalih wa al-mafasid (benefit and damage). This research has implications in business ethics that is with the changing times that continue to develop, the conception must always be used as a perspective or umbrella norm that must be held in the ethics of doing business. The conclusion of this study is the moral ideal value that must be held, namely: stay away from the nature of al-Ghisy, azh-Zhulm, and al-Gharar. These three variables are universal concepts that must always be considered, so any form and business model that is run must refer to and make these three variables as peptization and the main reference for realizing contextualization processes based on shari'a spirit in universal business ethics.

References

Abdul ‘Azim Bin Badawi Al-Khalafi, Al-Wajiz Ensiklopedi Fiqih Dalam Al-Qur’an As- Sunnah As-Shahih, Jakarta: Pustaka As-Sunnah, 2006.

Abdul Azis, Etika Bisnis Perspektif Islam: Implementasi Etika Islami untuk Dunia Usaha, Bandung: Alfabeta, 2013.

Ahmad Amin, Etika (Ilmu Akhlak), penerjemah K.H.Farid Ma’ruf, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1995

Ahmad Sofyan Fauzi, “Transaksi Jual-Beli Terlarang: Ghisy Atau Tadlis Kualitas (Penipuan Atau Kecurangan)”, Mizan: Journal Of Islamic Law, Vol. 1, No. 2, (2017): 41-54.

As-Syayyid Sabiq, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Libanon, Dar Al-Fikr : 1981.

Buchari Alma dan Donni Juni Priansa, Manajemen Bisnis Syariah, Alfabeta, Bandung, 2009.

Buchari Alma, Dasar-dasar Etika Bisnis Islami, Bandung: Alfabeta, 2003.

Faisal Badroen dkk, Etika Bisnis dalam Islam, Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.

G. Velasques Manuel, Business Ethics: Concepts and Cases, New Jersey: Pearson Educational International, Amerika serikat: Pentice-Hall, 2002.

Ghufran A. Mas’adi, Fiqh Muamalah Kontekstual, Jakarta: Pt. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2002.

Hasbullah Bakry, Sistematika Filsafat, Jakarta: Wijaya, 1978.

Husain umar, Bussinesh and ntroduction: Definisi Bisnis Menurut Para Ahli, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2003.

Imam Malik, al-Muwatta’, Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada, 1999.

Johan Arifin, Etika Bisnis islami. Semarang: Walisongo Press, 2009.

K.Bartens, Etika Bisnis, Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2009

L Sinour Yosephus, Etika Bisnis: Pendekatan Filsafat Moral Terhadap pebisnis kontemporer, Jakarta: Yayasan pustaka Obor Indonesia, 2010.

Lorens bagus, kamus filsafat, Jakarta: PT Gramedia pustaka, 2000.

Luqman Fauroni, “Rekonstruksi Etika Bisnis: Perspektif Al-Qur’an”, IQTISAD Journal Of Islamic Economics, Vol. 4, No. 1, (2003): 91-106.

M. Nur Rianto Al-Arif, Teori Makroekonomi Islam, Jakarta: Alfabeta, 2014.

Mahdi Rizqullah Ahmad, al-Sirah al-Nabawiyyah fi Dhauq’i al-Maṣādir al-Aṣliyyah: Dirasah Tahlīliyyah, terj. Yessi HM., Jakarta: Qisthi Press, 2006.

Mahmoedin, Etika Bisnis, Jakarta: Pustaka Sinar Harapan, 1996.

Mercy Ejovwokeoghene Ogbari dkk, “Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics: Implications on Corporate Performance”, International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Vol. 6, No. 1, (2016): 50-58.

Muchtar Samad, Etika Bisnis Syariah Berbasis Sesuai Moral Islam, Yogyakarta : Sunrise, 2016.

Muhammad Antonio, Bank Syariah bagi bangkir dan praktisi keuangan, Jakarta: azkia institute, 2011.

Muhammad Ayub, Understanding Islamic Finance: A-Z Keuangan Syariah, Jakarta: PT Gramedia, 2009.

Muhammad Djakfar, Etika Bisnis dalam Perspektif Islam, Malang: UIN-Malang Press, 2007.

Muhammad Dzakfar, Etika Bisnis Menangkap Spirit Ajaran Langit dan Pesan moral ajaran bumi, Jakarta, penebarplus: 2012.

Muhammad Ismail Yusanto dan Muhammad Karabet Widjajakusuma, Menggagas Bisnis Islam, Jakarta: Gema Insani, 2002.

Muhammad Nasib ar-Rifa’i, Kemudahan dari Allah: ringkasan tafsir ibnu katsir. Jilid 4: Penerjemah, Syihabuddin, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2000.

Muhammad Saifullah, “Etika Bisnis Islami Dalam Praktek Bisnis Rasulullah”, Walisongo, Vol. 19, No. 1,(2011): 127-160.

Mushthafa al-Bugrha dkk. Kitab Fikih Lengkap Imam asy-Syafi’i, Yogyakarta: Darul uswah, 2012.

Rachmat Syafei, Fiqh Muamalat, Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2001.

Rodhiyah, “Etika Bisnis dan Keadilan konsumen”, Forum, Vol. 39, No. 2, (2012): 67-74.

Sofyan S Harahap, Etika Bisnis dalam Perspektif Islam, Jakarta: Salemba embat, 2011.

Suyadi Prawirosentoro, Pengantar Bisnis Modern, Jakarta: PT Bumi aksara, 2002.

Yusuf Qardhawi, Norma dan Etika Ekonomi Islam; Penerjemah, Zainal Arifin, Dahlia husin, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1997.

Published
2020-01-11