The Leadership Behavior of Madrasah Principals in Improving the Quality of Education in MAN 3 Medan

  • Muhammad Fuad Zaini Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Medan, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8354-1037
  • Syafaruddin Syafaruddin Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Medan, Indonesia
Keywords: Leadership, Quality of Education, Teacher Professionalism

Abstract

This article aimed to determine the existing leadership behavior in the school as an effort to improve the quality of education by implementing programs, communication, and motivation. This research used qualitative methods in case study. The researchers used triangulation, observation, interviews, and documentation in data collecting methods. The results showed that the implementation of activity programs such as training can improve the quality and professionalism of teachers. Coaching extracurricular activities can add insight and soft skills to students. The implementation of the Adiwiyata Dimadrasah program  aimed at creating awareness of loving the environment and as a place for learning. The communication applied by the principal was  interpersonal communication, two-way, and feedback. The form of motivation towards madrasah citizens was exemplified by performance, professional, procedural and agents of change.

Keywords:  Leadership, Quality of Education, Teacher Professionalism

References

Achmad, A. K. (2016). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. JMPI, 1(2), 115–126. http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/jmpi/article/view/3957

Arifin, A. (2019). The Role of MGMP Civic Education in Improving Professional Competence of Teacher. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(2), 249–264.
https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v4i2.557

Atiqoh, L., & Saputro, B. (2017). Kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam Berbasis Lingkungan Sebagai Penguatan Pendidikan Humanistik Di Sekolah Adiwiyata. Edukasia : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 12(2), 285. https://doi.org/10.21043/edukasia.v12i2.2492

Bahrissalim, & Fauzan. (2018). Evaluasi Kurikulum Pelatihan Dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Pai Di Balai Diklat Keagamaan Jakarta. Edukasia: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 13(1), 25–52. https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Edukasia/article/view/2779

Bektaş, F., Kılınç, A. Ç., & Gümüş, S. (2020). The effects of distributed leadership on teacher professional learning: mediating roles of teacher trust in principal and teacher motivation. Educational Studies, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2020.1793301

Chamidah, N. (2020). Implementasi Konsep Madrasah Berwawasan Lingkungan (Studi Kasus di MAN Purworejo). Cakrawala, 4(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12345/cakrawala.v4i1.217

Diyan Nurvika Kusuma Wardani. (2020). Analisis Implementasi Program Adiwiyata dalam Membangun Karakter Peduli Lingkungan. Southeast Asian Journal of Islamic Education Management, 1(1), 60–73. https://doi.org/10.21154/sajiem.v1i1.6

Fadhli, M. (2019). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dan Komitmen Guru Terhadap Efektifitas Madrasah di Lhokseumawe. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v4i1.447

Finnigan, K. S. (2010). Principal Leadership and Teacher Motivation under High-Stakes Accountability Policies. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 9(2), 161–189. https://doi.org/10.1080/15700760903216174

Fitrah, M. (2017). Peran Kepala Sekolah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. Jurnal Penjaminan Mutu, 3(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.25078/jpm.v3i1.90

Gurova, G., Piattoeva, N., & Takala, T. (2015). Quality of Education and Its Evaluation: An Analysis of the Russian Academic Discussion. European Education, 47(4), 346–364. https://doi.org/10.1080/10564934.2015.1107377

Hasibuan, A. I., Mustapid, M., & Wijaya, C. (2019). Peran Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan di MTs. Swasta Miftahul Falah Sunggal Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Anthropos: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial Dan Budaya (Journal of Social and Cultural Anthropology), 4(2), 201. https://doi.org/10.24114/antro.v4i2.12024

Husaini, U. (2011). Manajemen. Bumi Aksara.

Inah, E. N. (2016). Pola Komunikasi Interpersonal Kepala Madrasah Tsanawiyah Tridana Mulya Kecamatan Landono Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Al- Ta’dib : Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Kependidikan, 9(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31332/atdb.v9i2.519

Jones, M., Adams, D., Hwee Joo, M. T., Muniandy, V., Perera, C. J., & Harris, A. (2015). Contemporary challenges and changes: principals’ leadership practices in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 35(3), 353–365. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2015.1056591

Julaiha, S., & Maula, I. (2019). Implementasi Manajemen Madrasah Adiwiyata di MAN 1 Samarinda. Manageria: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 3(2), 353–367. https://doi.org/10.14421/manageria.2018.32-08

Kaspullah, Putra, P., & Wulandari, I. (2020). Pengaruh Persepsi Guru Terhadap Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah, Motivasi Kerja Dan Kompetensi Guru Terhadap Kinerja Guru Di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Se-Kabupaten Sambas. Jurnal Inspiratif Pendidikan Is Published and Managed, 9(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24252/ip.v9i2.16033

Khairani, I., Efendi, E., & Saputra, E. (2018). Komunikasi Interpersonal Kepala Madrasah Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru Di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Aceh Timur. Edu-Riligia : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Islam Dan Keagamaan, 2(3). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.47006/er.v2i3.1837

Krisbiyanto, A. (2019). Efektifitas Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah terhadap Mutu Pendidikan MTsN 2 Mojokerto. Nidhomul Haq : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 52–69. https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v4i1.182

Kristiawan, M., & Rahmat, N. (2018). Peningkatan Profesionalisme Guru Melalui Inovasi Pembelajaran. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(2), 373–390. https://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/ji/article/view/348/27

Landriany, E. (2014). Implementasi Kebijakan Adiwiyata Dalam Upaya Mewujudkan Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup di SMA Kota Malang. Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, 2(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22219/jkpp.v2i1.1739

Liu, S., & Hallinger, P. (2018). Instructional, Principal Leadership, Teacher Self-Efficacy, and Teacher Learning, Professional A, in China: Testing Model, Mediated-Effects. Educational Administration Quarterly, 1–28. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013161X18769048

Majid, A., & Rochman, C. (2014). Pendekatan Ilmiah dalam Implementasi Kurikulum. PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Google Scholar

Makawimbang, J. H. (2012). Kepemimpinan Pendidikan yang Bermutu. Alfabeta.

Maryati. (2016). Pola Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan Di Mts Nurul Qur’an Tegalweropucakwangi Pati. Quality, 1(2), 164–181. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/quality.v4i1.2119

McDermott, R. J., Mayer, A. B., & The School Health Education Study F. (2011). The School Health Education Study + 50 Years. American Journal of Health Education, 42(6), 330–348. https://doi.org/10.1080/19325037.2011.10599205

Miller, R. J., Goddard, R. D., Kim, M., Jacob, R., Goddard, Y., & Schroeder, P. (2016). Development Improve School Leadership? Results From a Randomized Control Trial Assessing the Impact of McREL’s Balanced Leadership Program on Principals in Rural Michigan Schools. Educational Administration Quarterly, 1–36. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013161X16651926

Mulyasa. (2013). Manajemen dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah. Bumi Aksara.

Nur, M. (2016). Manajemen Madrasah dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. Administrasi Pendidikan, 4(1), 91–103. http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/JAP/article/view/2611/2465

Nurhadi, A., & Irfaida, I. (2019). Kerja Sama Kelembagaan Pada Madrasah Adiwiyata Di Mts Negeri 2 Pamekasan. Re-JIEM (Research Journal of Islamic Education Management), 1(2), 01. https://doi.org/10.19105/rjiem.v1i2.2087

Oktradiksa, A.-, & Sari, K. P. (2017). Implementasi Multi-Directional Circle Model dalam Mewujudkan Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Adiwiyata di Kabupaten Magelang. Al Ibtida: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI, 4(2), 153. https://doi.org/10.24235/al.ibtida.snj.v4i2.1727

Park, S. M., & Rainey, H. G. (2012). Work motivation and social communication among public managers. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(13), 2630–2660. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.637060

Pratama, S., Yusrizal, & Niswanto. (2018). Manajemen Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Dalam Peningkatan Profesional Guru Pada Forum Mgmp Smk Di Kabupaten Aceh Jaya. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 6(1), 24–29. http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/JAP/article/download/11735/9294

Ritonga, B. (2020). Pengaruh Komunikasi Interpersonal, Gaya Kepemimpinan, Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Guru Di MAN 2 Model. EduTech: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Dan Ilmu Sosial, 6(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30596/edutech.v6i2.4930

Said, A. (2018). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dalam Melestarikan Budaya Mutu Sekolah. Journal Evaluasi, 2(1), 257. https://doi.org/10.32478/evaluasi.v2i1.77

Saifulloh, M., Muhibbin, Z., & Hermanto. (2012). Strategi Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Di Sekolah. Jurnal Sosial Humaniora, 5(2), 206–218. http://www.iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/jsh/article/download/619/341

Somantri, O., Abidin, T., Wijayanto, S., Wibowo, D. S., & Dairoh. (2019). Peningkatan Kompetensi Guru Melalui Pelatihan Keterampilan Pembuatan E Presentation. Solma, 8(2), 219–228. https://journal.uhamka.ac.id/index.php/solma/article/view/3245/1149

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelilitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sutikat. (2017). Manajemen Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (Mgmp) Dalam Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Guru Akidah Akhlak Mts Negeri Di Kabupaten Kudus Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016. Quality, 5(2), 286–306. https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Quality/article/download/3063/2397

Triyatna, Deni Kuswara, C. (2012). Manajemen Pendidikan. Alfabeta.

Yunus, M. (2016). Profesionalisme Guru Dalam Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan. Lentera Pendidikan : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah Dan Keguruan, 19(1), 112–128. https://doi.org/10.24252/lp.2016v19n1a10

Achmad, A. K. (2016). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. JMPI, 1(2), 115–126. http://ejournal.uin-malang.ac.id/index.php/jmpi/article/view/3957

Arifin, A. (2019). The Role of MGMP Civic Education in Improving Professional Competence of Teacher. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(2), 249–264.
https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v4i2.557

Atiqoh, L., & Saputro, B. (2017). Kurikulum Pendidikan Agama Islam Berbasis Lingkungan Sebagai Penguatan Pendidikan Humanistik Di Sekolah Adiwiyata. Edukasia : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 12(2), 285. https://doi.org/10.21043/edukasia.v12i2.2492

Bahrissalim, & Fauzan. (2018). Evaluasi Kurikulum Pelatihan Dalam Meningkatkan Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Pai Di Balai Diklat Keagamaan Jakarta. Edukasia: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam, 13(1), 25–52. https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Edukasia/article/view/2779

Bektaş, F., Kılınç, A. Ç., & Gümüş, S. (2020). The effects of distributed leadership on teacher professional learning: mediating roles of teacher trust in principal and teacher motivation. Educational Studies, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/03055698.2020.1793301

Chamidah, N. (2020). Implementasi Konsep Madrasah Berwawasan Lingkungan (Studi Kasus di MAN Purworejo). Cakrawala, 4(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.12345/cakrawala.v4i1.217

Diyan Nurvika Kusuma Wardani. (2020). Analisis Implementasi Program Adiwiyata dalam Membangun Karakter Peduli Lingkungan. Southeast Asian Journal of Islamic Education Management, 1(1), 60–73. https://doi.org/10.21154/sajiem.v1i1.6

Fadhli, M. (2019). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dan Komitmen Guru Terhadap Efektifitas Madrasah di Lhokseumawe. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v4i1.447

Finnigan, K. S. (2010). Principal Leadership and Teacher Motivation under High-Stakes Accountability Policies. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 9(2), 161–189. https://doi.org/10.1080/15700760903216174

Fitrah, M. (2017). Peran Kepala Sekolah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. Jurnal Penjaminan Mutu, 3(1), 31. https://doi.org/10.25078/jpm.v3i1.90

Gurova, G., Piattoeva, N., & Takala, T. (2015). Quality of Education and Its Evaluation: An Analysis of the Russian Academic Discussion. European Education, 47(4), 346–364. https://doi.org/10.1080/10564934.2015.1107377

Hasibuan, A. I., Mustapid, M., & Wijaya, C. (2019). Peran Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan di MTs. Swasta Miftahul Falah Sunggal Kabupaten Deli Serdang. Anthropos: Jurnal Antropologi Sosial Dan Budaya (Journal of Social and Cultural Anthropology), 4(2), 201. https://doi.org/10.24114/antro.v4i2.12024

Husaini, U. (2011). Manajemen. Bumi Aksara.

Inah, E. N. (2016). Pola Komunikasi Interpersonal Kepala Madrasah Tsanawiyah Tridana Mulya Kecamatan Landono Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Al- Ta’dib : Jurnal Kajian Ilmu Kependidikan, 9(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31332/atdb.v9i2.519

Jones, M., Adams, D., Hwee Joo, M. T., Muniandy, V., Perera, C. J., & Harris, A. (2015). Contemporary challenges and changes: principals’ leadership practices in Malaysia. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 35(3), 353–365. https://doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2015.1056591

Julaiha, S., & Maula, I. (2019). Implementasi Manajemen Madrasah Adiwiyata di MAN 1 Samarinda. Manageria: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 3(2), 353–367. https://doi.org/10.14421/manageria.2018.32-08

Kaspullah, Putra, P., & Wulandari, I. (2020). Pengaruh Persepsi Guru Terhadap Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah, Motivasi Kerja Dan Kompetensi Guru Terhadap Kinerja Guru Di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Se-Kabupaten Sambas. Jurnal Inspiratif Pendidikan Is Published and Managed, 9(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24252/ip.v9i2.16033

Khairani, I., Efendi, E., & Saputra, E. (2018). Komunikasi Interpersonal Kepala Madrasah Dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Guru Di Madrasah Aliyah Negeri 1 Aceh Timur. Edu-Riligia : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Islam Dan Keagamaan, 2(3). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.47006/er.v2i3.1837

Krisbiyanto, A. (2019). Efektifitas Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah terhadap Mutu Pendidikan MTsN 2 Mojokerto. Nidhomul Haq : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 4(1), 52–69. https://doi.org/10.31538/ndh.v4i1.182

Kristiawan, M., & Rahmat, N. (2018). Peningkatan Profesionalisme Guru Melalui Inovasi Pembelajaran. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(2), 373–390. https://journal.iaimnumetrolampung.ac.id/index.php/ji/article/view/348/27

Landriany, E. (2014). Implementasi Kebijakan Adiwiyata Dalam Upaya Mewujudkan Pendidikan Lingkungan Hidup di SMA Kota Malang. Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Pengembangan Pendidikan, 2(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22219/jkpp.v2i1.1739

Liu, S., & Hallinger, P. (2018). Instructional, Principal Leadership, Teacher Self-Efficacy, and Teacher Learning, Professional A, in China: Testing Model, Mediated-Effects. Educational Administration Quarterly, 1–28. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013161X18769048

Majid, A., & Rochman, C. (2014). Pendekatan Ilmiah dalam Implementasi Kurikulum. PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Google Scholar

Makawimbang, J. H. (2012). Kepemimpinan Pendidikan yang Bermutu. Alfabeta.

Maryati. (2016). Pola Kepemimpinan Kepala Madrasah Dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan Di Mts Nurul Qur’an Tegalweropucakwangi Pati. Quality, 1(2), 164–181. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/quality.v4i1.2119

McDermott, R. J., Mayer, A. B., & The School Health Education Study F. (2011). The School Health Education Study + 50 Years. American Journal of Health Education, 42(6), 330–348. https://doi.org/10.1080/19325037.2011.10599205

Miller, R. J., Goddard, R. D., Kim, M., Jacob, R., Goddard, Y., & Schroeder, P. (2016). Development Improve School Leadership? Results From a Randomized Control Trial Assessing the Impact of McREL’s Balanced Leadership Program on Principals in Rural Michigan Schools. Educational Administration Quarterly, 1–36. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0013161X16651926

Mulyasa. (2013). Manajemen dan Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah. Bumi Aksara.

Nur, M. (2016). Manajemen Madrasah dalam Meningkatkan Mutu Pendidikan. Administrasi Pendidikan, 4(1), 91–103. http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/JAP/article/view/2611/2465

Nurhadi, A., & Irfaida, I. (2019). Kerja Sama Kelembagaan Pada Madrasah Adiwiyata Di Mts Negeri 2 Pamekasan. Re-JIEM (Research Journal of Islamic Education Management), 1(2), 01. https://doi.org/10.19105/rjiem.v1i2.2087

Oktradiksa, A.-, & Sari, K. P. (2017). Implementasi Multi-Directional Circle Model dalam Mewujudkan Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Adiwiyata di Kabupaten Magelang. Al Ibtida: Jurnal Pendidikan Guru MI, 4(2), 153. https://doi.org/10.24235/al.ibtida.snj.v4i2.1727

Park, S. M., & Rainey, H. G. (2012). Work motivation and social communication among public managers. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(13), 2630–2660. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2011.637060

Pratama, S., Yusrizal, & Niswanto. (2018). Manajemen Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam Dalam Peningkatan Profesional Guru Pada Forum Mgmp Smk Di Kabupaten Aceh Jaya. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 6(1), 24–29. http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/JAP/article/download/11735/9294

Ritonga, B. (2020). Pengaruh Komunikasi Interpersonal, Gaya Kepemimpinan, Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Kinerja Guru Di MAN 2 Model. EduTech: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Dan Ilmu Sosial, 6(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30596/edutech.v6i2.4930

Said, A. (2018). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah Dalam Melestarikan Budaya Mutu Sekolah. Journal Evaluasi, 2(1), 257. https://doi.org/10.32478/evaluasi.v2i1.77

Saifulloh, M., Muhibbin, Z., & Hermanto. (2012). Strategi Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan Di Sekolah. Jurnal Sosial Humaniora, 5(2), 206–218. http://www.iptek.its.ac.id/index.php/jsh/article/download/619/341

Somantri, O., Abidin, T., Wijayanto, S., Wibowo, D. S., & Dairoh. (2019). Peningkatan Kompetensi Guru Melalui Pelatihan Keterampilan Pembuatan E Presentation. Solma, 8(2), 219–228. https://journal.uhamka.ac.id/index.php/solma/article/view/3245/1149

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelilitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sutikat. (2017). Manajemen Musyawarah Guru Mata Pelajaran (Mgmp) Dalam Meningkatkan Profesionalisme Guru Akidah Akhlak Mts Negeri Di Kabupaten Kudus Tahun Pelajaran 2015/2016. Quality, 5(2), 286–306. https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Quality/article/download/3063/2397

Triyatna, Deni Kuswara, C. (2012). Manajemen Pendidikan. Alfabeta.

Yunus, M. (2016). Profesionalisme Guru Dalam Peningkatan Mutu Pendidikan. Lentera Pendidikan : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah Dan Keguruan, 19(1), 112–128. https://doi.org/10.24252/lp.2016v19n1a10

Published
2020-12-10
How to Cite
Zaini, M., & Syafaruddin, S. (2020). The Leadership Behavior of Madrasah Principals in Improving the Quality of Education in MAN 3 Medan. Jurnal Iqra’ : Kajian Ilmu Pendidikan, 5(2), 95-106. https://doi.org/10.25217/ji.v5i2.649