Language Style in Poetry Mahmud Sami Basha al–Barudi (A Stylistic Analysis) | Gaya Bahasa dalam Puisi Mahmud Sami Basha al–Barudi (Suatu Analisis Stilistik)

  • Zughrofiyatun Najah Arabic Education Study Program Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia
  • Umi Hijriyah Arabic Education Study Program Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia
  • Ahmad Nur Mizan Arabic Education Study Program Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia
  • Dian Risky Amalia Arabic Education Study Program Institut Agama Islam Ma’arif NU Metro Lampung, Indonesia
Keywords: al–Barudi, Language Style, Stylistic

Abstract

This study aims to examine the language style (al–uslub) used by al- Barudi in his poetry with the theme of life descriptions by describing the main idea or theme, elements of feeling or emotion, and language style based on aspects of diction or choice of words, syntax or sentence structure and rhetorical aspect or meaning. This research is a type of qualitative research with a descriptive-analytical literature study by referring to Al-Barudi's poetry text as the primary source. The data analysis method used is content analysis (tahlil al–madmun).  The author uses a stylistic approach in examining and analyzing the language styles used by the poets in this poem. In examining this poem, the writer will use the stylistic theory proposed by Gorys Keraf related to the classification of types of diction, language style based on syntactic aspects, and rhetorical aspects or meaning. This poetry has the theme of "life description" with a choice of words that still maintain aesthetic values supported by a very strong language style or (al–uslub). The language style contained in the poem is very strong and appropriate with the characteristics of the neoclassical genre of poetry pioneered by al-Barudi at that time, although free, but still strongly adheres to wazan and qafiyah. Seen from the aspect of diction, the words chosen by the poet in sya'ir are quite easy to understand in a popular style. Then from the aspect of sentence structure or syntax, this poem has a climax style. The language styles based on the meaning contained in this poem are hyperbole, simile, pleonasm, apostrophe, ellipsis, assonance, erotesis, and euphemism.

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Published
2021-07-08